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Peer-Reviewed Literature

Alkire, M.B., E. D’Asaro. C.M. Lee, M.J. Perry, A. Gray, I. Cetinic, N. Briggs, E. Kallin, J. Kaiser and A. Gonzalez-Posada (2012). Estimates of net community production and export using high-resolution, Lagrangian measurements of O2, NO3, and POC through the evolution of a spring diatom bloom in the North Atlantic.  Deep-Sea Research PT 1, 64: 157-174

Bagniewski, W., K. Fennel, M.J. Perry, and E.A. D’Asaro (2011). Optimizing models of the North Atlantic spring bloom using physical, chemical and bio-optical observations from a Lagrangian float.  Biogeosciences 8: 1291-1307, doi:10.5194/bg-8-1291-2011.

Briggs, N, M.J. Perry, I. Cetinic, C. Lee, A. M. Gray and E. Rehm (2011). High-resolution observations of aggregate flux during a sub-polar North Atlantic spring bloom Deep-Sea Research PT 1, 58: 1031-1039.

Broecker, W.S. (1997). Thermohaline circulation, the Achilles heel of our climate system: Will man-made CO2 upset the current balance? Science 278: 1582-1594.

Cai, W.‐J., X. Hu, W.‐J. Huang, L.‐Q. Jiang, Y. Wang, T.‐H. Peng, and X. Zhang. 2010. Alkalinity distribution in the western North Atlantic Ocean margins, Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, C08014, doi:10.1029/2009JC005482.

Carmack, E., and P. Wassmann. 2006. Food webs and physical-biological coupling on pan-Arctic shelves: Unifying concepts and comprehensive perspectives. Progress in Oceanography 71: 446-477.

Cetinić, I., Perry, M. J., Briggs, N. T., Kallin, E., D'Asaro, E. A., & Lee, C. M. (2012). Particulate organic carbon and inherent optical properties during 2008 North Atlantic Bloom Experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans (1978–2012), 117(C6).

Cunningham, S. A., T. Kanzow, D. Rayner, M. O. Baringer, W. E. Johns, J. Marotzke, H. R. Longworth, E. M. Grant, J. J-M. Hirschi, L. M. Beal, C. S. Meinen and H. L. Bryden (2007).  Temporal Variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26.5°N.  Science, 17 August 2007 312: 335-938 [DOI: 10.1126/science.1141304].

Dave, A. and M.S. Lozier (2013).Examining the global record of interannual variability in stratification and marine productivity in the low-and mid-latitude ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 3114-3127.

Ducklow, H.W. & R.P. Harris (guest editors) (1993). JGOFS: The North Atlantic Bloom Experiment. Deep-Sea Research, Part II. Vol. 40, nos. 1-2.

Eglinton, G., H. Elderfield, M.Whitfield and P.J. LeB. Williams (1995). The role of the North Atlantic in the global carbon cycle. Phil. Trans. Royal Soc. London (Biological Sciences) 348: 121-264.

Giering, S. L. C. et al. (2014). Reconciliation of the carbon budget in the ocean’s twilight zone. Nature, doi:10.1038/nature13123

Glover, D.M. and P.G. Brewer (1988). Estimates of wintertime mixed layer nutrient concentrations in the North Atlantic. Deep-Sea Res., 35: 1525-1546.

Heath, M.R. et al. (2008). Comparative ecology of over-wintering Calanus finmarchicus in the northern North Atlantic and implication for life-cycle patterns. ICES Journal of Marine Science 61: 698-708.

Hoffmann, S. S., J. F. McManus, W. B. Curry, S. Brown-Leger (2013). Persistent export of 231Pa from the deep central Arctic Ocean over the past 35,000 years. Nature 497, doi:10.1038/nature12145.

Johns, W. E., M. O. Baringer, L. M. Beal, S. A. Cunningham, T. Kanzow, H. L. Bryden, J. Hirschi, J. Marotzke, C. Meinen, B. Shaw, and R. Curry (2011).  Continuous, array-based estimates of Atlantic Ocean heat transport at 26.5 ºN.  J. Clim., 24(10):2429-2449.

Kanzow. T., S.A. Cunningham, W.E. Johns, J. J-M. Hirschi, J. Marotzke, M. O. Baringer, C.S. Meinen, M. P. Chidichimo, C. Atkinson, L. M. Beal, H. L. Bryden, J. Collins (2010).  Seasonal variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5oN. Journal of Climate, 23, doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3389.1171.

Körtzinger, A.U. et al. (2008). The seasonal pCO2 cycle at 49°N/16.5°W in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean and what it tell us about biological productivity. J. Geophys. Res. 113: CO4020, doi:10. 1029/2007 JC004347.

Lozier, M.S. (2012).  Overturning in the North Atlantic.  Annual Review of Marine Science, 4, 291-315.

Mahadevan, A., D’Asaro, E., Lee, C., & Perry, M. J. (2012). Eddy-driven stratification initiates North Atlantic spring phytoplankton blooms. Science, 337(6090), 54-58.

Martin, P., R.S. Lampitt, M.J. Perry, R. Sanders, C.M. Lee and E. D’Asaro (2011). Export and Mesopelagic Particle Flux during a North Atlantic Spring Diatom Bloom.  Deep-Sea Research PT 1 58: 338-349, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2011.01.006.

McKinley, G.A., A.R. Fay, T. Takahashi and N. Metzl (2011). Convergence of atmospheric and North Atlantic carbon dioxide trends on multidecadal timescales. Nature Geoscience, doi:10.1038/ngeo1193.

McManus, J. F., R. Francois, J.–M. Gherardi, L. D. Keigwin, S. Brown-Leger (2004). Collapse and rapid resumption of Atlantic meridional circulation linked to deglacial climate changes. Nature 428, 834-837.

Perovich, D. K. 2011. The changing Arctic sea ice cover. Oceanography 24: 162-173.

Rynearson, T. A., Richardson, K., Lampitt, R. S., Sieracki, M. E., Poulton, A. J., Lyngsgaard, M. M., & Perry, M. J. (2013). Major contribution of diatom resting spores to vertical flux in the sub-polar North Atlantic. Deep Sea Research PT 1, 82, 60-71

Sarmiento, J.L., R.D. Slater, M.J.R. Fasham, H.W. Ducklow, J.R. Toggweiler and G.T. Evans (1993). A seasonal three-dimensional ecosystem model of nitrogen cycling in the North Atlantic euphotic zone. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 7: 417-450.

Schmittner, A., (2005) Decline of the marine ecosystem caused by a reduction in the Atlantic overturning circulation, Nature, 434, 628-633.

Schmittner, A., E. D. Galbraith (2008) Glacial greenhouse gas fluctuations controlled by ocean circulation changes, Nature, 456, 373-376, doi:10.1038/nature07531.

Schmittner, A., Silva, T. A. M., Fraedrich, K., Kirk, E. and Lunkeit, F. (2011) Effects of Mountains and Ice Sheets on Global Ocean Circulation, J. Climate, 24, 2814–2829, doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3982.1.

Schuster, U., McKinley, G. A., Bates, N., Chevallier, F., Doney, S. C., Fay, A. R., González-Dávila, M., Gruber, N., Jones, S., Krijnen, J., Landschützer, P., Lefèvre, N., Manizza, M., Mathis, J., Metzl, N., Olsen, A., Rios, A. F., Rödenbeck, C., Santana-Casiano, J. M., Takahashi, T., Wanninkhof, R., and Watson, A. J. (2013). Atlantic and Arctic sea-air CO2 fluxes, 1990–2009. Biogeosciences 10, 607-627, doi:10.5194/bg-10-607-2013

Siegel, D.A., S.C. Doney and J.A. Yoder (2002). The North Atlantic spring bloom and Sverdrup’s critical depth hypothesis. Science 296:730-733.

Siegel, D. A., K. O. Buesseler, S. C. Doney, S. F. Sailley, M. J. Behrenfeld, and P. W. Boyd, 2014: Global assessment of ocean carbon export by combining satellite observations and food-web models, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 28, doi:10.1002/2013GB004743.

Slagstad, D., I. H. Ellingsen, and P. Wassmann. 2011. Evaluating primary and secondary production in an Arctic Ocean void of summer sea ice: An experimental simulation approach. Progress in Oceanography 90: 117-131.

Smeed, D. A., McCarthy, G. D., Cunningham, S. A., Frajka-Williams, E., Rayner, D., Johns, W. E., Meinen, C. S., Baringer, M. O., Moat, B. I., Duchez, A., and Bryden, H. L. (2014). Observed decline of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation 2004-­2012, Ocean Sci., 10, 29-38, doi:10.5194/os-10-29-2014.

Srokosz, M., M. Baringer, H. Bryden, S. Cunningham, T. Delworth, S. Lozier, J. Marotzke and R. Sutton (2012). Past, present and future change in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation.  Bull. Am. Met. Soc., doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00151.1, Nov 2012.

Steele, M., W. Ermold, and J. Zhang. 2008. Arctic Ocean surface warming trends over the past 100 years. Geophys. Res. Lett. 35: doi:10.1029/2007GL031651.

Straneo, F.S. and P. Heimbach (2013). North Atlantic warming and the retreat of Greenland's outlet glaciers.  Nature, 504,36–43.

Vernet M, PA Matrai, and I Andreassen. 1998. Synthesis of particulate and extracellular carbon by phytoplankton at the marginal ice zone in the Barents Sea. J. Geoph. Res. 103:1023-1037.

The Changing Arctic Ocean: Special Issue on the International Polar Year (2007–2009). Oceanography. 24(3), 2011

Tremblay, J. E., and J. Gagnon. 2009. The effects of irradiance and nutrient supply on the productivity of Arctic waters: a perspective on climate change, p. 73-94. In J. C. J. Nihoul and A. G. Kostianoy [eds.], Influence of climate change in the changing Arctic and sub-Arctic conditions. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series – C: Environmental security. Springer.

Wassmann, P. 2011. Arctic marine ecosystems in an era of rapid climate change. Progress in Oceanography 90: 1-17.

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