Dr. Peter H. Wiebe

Biology Department

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Contact Information:
Work: 508-289-2313
Building: Redfield

Mailing Address:
MS #33
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Woods Hole, MA 02543

Research Interests

The quantitative population ecology of zooplankton with emphasis on zooplankton small-scale distribution and abundance, organic matter transport into the deep-sea, the biology of Gulf Stream Rings, zooplankton associated with deep-sea hydrothermal vents, dynamics of populations on Georges Bank and on the continental shelf region of the Western Antarctic Peninsula, acoustical determination of zooplankton biomass, abundance, and size, the census of holozooplankton biodiversity in the worlds oceans, and data management (the dissemination, protection, and storage of marine biogeochemical and ecological data and information developed in the course of ocean research).

Selected Publications

l978 Wiebe, P.H. and S. Boyd. Limits of Nematoscelis megalops in the Northwestern Atlantic in relation to Gulf Stream cold-core rings. Part I. Horizontal and vertical distributions. J. Mar. Res. 36: ll9-l42.

l978 Haury, L.R., J.A. McGowan, and P.H. Wiebe. Patterns and processes in the time-space scales of plankton distribution. In: Spatial Pattern in Plankton Communities, J.H. Steele (ed.), Plenum Press, New York. pp. 277-327.

l979 Wiebe, P.H., L.P. Madin, L.R. Haury, G.R. Harbison and L.M. Philbin. Diel vertical migration by Salpa aspera and the potential for large-scale particulate organic matter transport to the deep-sea. Mar. Biol. 53: 249-255.

1983 Wiebe, P.H. and G.R. Flierl. Euphausiid invasion/dispersal in Gulf Stream cold core rings. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 34(4): 625-652.

1985 Wiebe, P.H., A.W. Morton, A.M. Bradley, R.H. Backus, J.E. Craddock, T.J. Cowles, V. A. Barber, and G.R. Flierl. New developments in the MOCNESS, an apparatus for sampling zooplankton and micronekton. Mar. Biol., 87: 313-323.

1985 Wiebe, P.H., G.R. Flierl, C.S. Davis, V. A. Barber, and S.H. Boyd. Macrozooplankton biomass in Gulf Stream warm-core rings: spatial distribution and temporal changes. J. Geophys. Res. 90: 8885-8901.

1990 Wiebe, P.H., C.H. Greene, T. Stanton, and J. Burczynski. Sound scattering by live zooplankton and micronekton: empirical studies with a dual-beam acoustical system. J. Acous. Soc. Amer. 88: 2346-2360.

1991 Miller, C.B., T.J. Cowles, P.H. Wiebe, N.J. Copley, and H. Grigg. Phenology in Calanus finmarchicus; hypotheses about control mechanisms. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 72: 79-91.

1996 Wiebe, P.H., D. Mountain, T.K. Stanton, C. Greene, G. Lough, S. Kaartvedt, J. Dawson, and N. Copley. Acoustical study of the spatial distribution of plankton on Georges Bank and the relation of volume backscattering strength to the taxonomic composition of the plankton. Deep-Sea Research II. 43: 1971-2001.

2002 Bucklin, A., P.H. Wiebe, S. B. Smolenack, N.J. Copley, and M.E. Clarke. Integrated biochemical, molecular genetic, and bioacoustical analysis of mesoscale variability of the euphausiid Nematoscelis difficilis in the California Current. Deep-Sea Research. 49(3): 437-462.

2002 Wiebe, P.H., T.K. Stanton, C.H. Greene, M.C. Benfield, H.M. Sosik, T. Austin, J.D. Warren, and T. Hammar. BIOMAPER II: An integrated instrument platform for coupled biological and physical measurements in coastal and oceanic regimes. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering. 27(3): 700-716.

2003 Wiebe, P.H. and M.C. Benfield. From the Hensen Net toward four-dimensional biological oceanography. Progress in Oceanography. 56(1): 7-136.

2004 Lawson, G.L., P.H. Wiebe, C.J. Ashjian, S.M. Gallager, C.S. Davis, and J.D. Warren. 2004. Acoustically-inferred zooplankton distribution in relation to hydrography west of the Antarctic peninsula. Deep Sea Research II. 51(17-19): 2041-2072.

2006 Madin, L.P., P. Kremer, P.H. Wiebe, J.E. Purcell, E.H. Horgan, D.A. Nemazie. Recurrent swarms of the salp Salpa aspera in the Slope Water off the NE United States: vertical migration, grazing, and vertical flux. Deep-Sea Research I 53: 804?819.

2008 Lawson, G.L., P.H. Wiebe, T.K. Stanton, and C.J. Ashjian. Euphausiid distribution along the western Antarctic peninsula - Part A: Development of robust multi-frequency acoustic techniques to identify euphausiid aggregations and quantify euphausiid size, abundance, and biomass. Deep-Sea Research Part II. 55(3-4): 412-431. [DOI: doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.11.010]

2008 Lawson, G.L., P.H. Wiebe, C.J.Ashjian, and T.K. Stanton. Euphausiid distribution along the Western Antarctic Peninsula - Part B: Distribution of euphausiid aggregations and biomass, and associations with environmental features. Deep–Sea Research II. 55(3-4): 432-545.[DOI: doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.11.014].

2008 Ashjian,C.J., C.S. Davis, S.M. Gallager, P.H. Wiebe, and G.L. Lawson. Distribution of Larval Krill and Zooplankton in Association with Hydrography in Marguerite Bay, Antarctic Peninsula, in Austral Fall and Winter 2001 described using the Video Plankton Recorder. Deep-Sea Research Part II. 55(3-4): 451-471.

2008 Warren J.D. and P. H. Wiebe. Accounting for biological and physical sources of acoustic scattering improves estimates of zooplankton biomass. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 65: 1321-1333.

2010 Wiebe, P.H., D. Chu, S. Kaartvedt, A. Hundt ,W. Melle, E. Ona, and P. Batta-Lona.  The acoustic properties of Salpa thompsoni.  ICES Journal of Marine Science. 67: 583-593  doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsp263.

2010 Wiebe, P.H., S.B. Schnack-Schiel, and S. Nishida. 2010. Introduction to species diversity of marine zooplankton. Deep-Sea Research II. 57(24-26): 2061-2063.

2010 Wiebe, P.H., A. Bucklin, L. Madin, M.V. Angel, T. Sutton, F. Pagés, R.R. Hopcroft, D. Lindsay. Deep-sea sampling on CMarZ cruises in the Atlantic Ocean – an Introduction. Deep-Sea Research II. 57(24-26): 2157-2166.

2010 Bucklin, A., Ortman, B.D., Jennings, R.M., Nigro, L.M., Sweetman, C.J., Copley, N.J., Sutton, T., and Wiebe, P.H. A “Rosetta Stone” for metazoan zooplankton: DNA barcode analysis of species diversity of the Sargasso Sea (Northwest Atlantic Ocean).  DSR-II (CMarZ special volume).57(24-26): 2234-2247.

2010 Sutton, T.T., P.H. Wiebe, L. Madin, and A. Bucklin. Diversity and community structure of pelagic fishes to 5000 m depth in the Sargasso Sea.  Deep-Sea Research II. 57(24-26): 2220-2233.

2011 Wiebe, P.H., C. Ashjian, G. L. Lawson, A. Piñones, and N. Copley. Horizontal and vertical distribution of euphausiid species on the Western Antarctic Peninsula Southern Ocean GLOBEC study site.  Deep-Sea Research II. 58(13-16): 1630-1651.

2011 Batta Lona, P.G., A. Bucklin, P.H. Wiebe, N.J. Copley, and T. Patarnello. Population genetic variation of the Southern Ocean krill, Euphausia superba, in the Western Antarctic Peninsula region based on mitochondrial single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Deep-Sea Research II. 58(13-16): 1652-1661.

2012 Wiebe, P.H., Rudels, B., Cadrin, S.X., Drinkwater, K.F., and Lavin, A. Introduction to variability of the North Atlantic and its marine ecosystems, 2000–2009, the proceedings of an ICES/NAFO symposium held in Santander, Spain, 10–12 May 2011. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 69(5), 697–702. doi:10.1093/icesjms/fss090

2013 Skjoldal, H.R., P.H. Wiebe, L. Postel, T. Knutsen, S. Kaartvedt, and D.D. Sameoto. 2013. Intercomparison of zooplankton (net) sampling systems: Results from the ICES/GLOBEC sea-going workshop. Progress in Oceanography. 108: 1-42.

2013 Wiebe, P.H., G.L. Lawson, A.C. Lavery, N.J. Copley, E. Horgan, and A. Bradley. 2013. Improved agreement of net and acoustical methods for surveying euphausiids by mitigating avoidance using a net based LED strobe light system. ICES Journal of Marine Science. (2013) 70(3): 650-664 doi:10.1093 /icesjms/fst005.

2015 Wiebe, P.H., Allison, D., Kennedy, M., and Moncoiffe, G. 2015. A Vocabulary for the Configuration of Net Tows for Collecting Plankton and MicroNekton. Journal of Plankton Research., 37(1): 21–27. First published online November 6, 2014 doi:10.1093

2015 Wiebe, P.H., and Allison, M.D. 2015. Bringing Dark Data into the Light: A case study of the recovery of Northwestern Atlantic zooplankton data collected in the 1970s and 1980s. In special issue: “Rescuing Legacy Data for Future Science”. GeoResJ. 6: 195–201. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.grj.2015.03.001.

2015 Lawson, G.L., Hückstädt, L.A., Lavery, A.C., Jaffré, F.M., Wiebe, P.H., Fincke, J.R., Crocker, D.E., and Costa, D.P. 2015. Development of an Animal-Borne ‘Sonar Tag’ for Quantifying Prey Abundance: Test Deployments on Northern Elephant Seals.  Animal Biotelemery 3:22 (16 pages). DOI 10.1186/s40317-015-0054-7

2015 Bucklin, A., McGillicuddy,D.J., Wiebe, P.H., and Davis, C.S. 2015. Habitat usage by the cryptic copepods Pseudocalanus moultoni and P. newmani on Georges Bank (Northwest Atlantic),. Continental Shelf Research., 111: 83–94.

2016 Wiebe, P.H., Harris, R.P., Valdes, L.J, Skjoldal, H.R., Margonski, P., Benfield, M., Gislason, A., and O’Brien, T. 2016. A History of the ICES Working Group on Zooplankton Ecology: The first 25 years. Progress in Oceanography. 141, 179–201.

2016 Chu, D., Lawson, G.L, and Wiebe, P.H., 2016. Estimation of biological parameters of marine organisms using linear and nonlinear acoustic scattering model-based inversion methods. JASA, 139: 2885–2895. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4948759]

2016 Wiebe, P.H., Bucklin, A., Kaartvedt, S., Røstad, A., and Blanco-Bercial, L. 2016. Vertical distribution and migration of Euphausiid species in the Red Sea.  Journal of Plankton Research. 38 (4): 888-903. [doi:10.1093/plankt/fbw038]

2017 Endo, Y., Fujii, D., Nishitani, G. and Wiebe, P.H. 2017. Life cycle of the suctorian ciliate Ephelota plana attached to the krill Euphausia pacifica. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 486: 368–372. Published online November 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2016.11.003

2017 Batta-Lona, P.G., Maas, A., O'Neill, R., Wiebe, P.H., and Bucklin. A. 2017. Transcriptomic profiles of spring and summer populations of the Southern Ocean salp, Salpa thompsoni, in the Western Antarctic Peninsula region. Polar Biol. Published online November 2016 doi:10.1007/s00300-016-2051-6


  • Elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in May 1984.
  • Awarded the Adams Chair in May 1996.
  • NOAA Earth Day Environmental Hero award, May 1999 (by letter from Vice-President Al Gore).
  • Inducted into the Northern Arizona University College of Engineering, Forestry, and Natural Sciences Academy of Distinguished Alumni in 2008.
  • Awarded the ICES Outstanding Achievement Award, 19 September 2016.


B.S.,  1962, North Arizona University

Ph.D., 1968, University of California, San Diego



Research Assistant, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 1962-1968

Postdoctoral Fellow, Hopkins Marine Station, Stanford University, 1968-1969

Temporary Assistant Professor, Oregon State University, July-August, 1969

Assistant Scientist, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1969-1974

Associate Scientist, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1974-1984

Director, Center for Analysis of Marine Systems (WHOI), January 1983-December 1986

Senior Scientist, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1984-January 2007

Department Chairman, Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1988-1992

Emeritus Scientist, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, May 2007-present