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  • Naveira Garabato, A. C., X. Yu, J. Callies, R. Barkan, K. L. Polzin, E. E. Frajka-Williams, C. E. Buckingham, and S. M. Griffies. Kinetic energy transfers between mesoscale and submesoscale motions in the open ocean’s upper layers. Journal of Physical OceanographySubmitted.
  • Dematteis, G., K. L. Polzin, and Y. V. Lvov. On the Orgins of the Oceanic Ultraviolet Catastrophe. Journal of Physical OceanographySubmitted.
  • Cyriac, A., H. E. Phillips, N. L. Bindoff, and K. L. Polzin. Turbulent mixing variability in an energetic standing meander of the Southern Ocean. Journal of Physical OceanographySubmitted.
  • Polzin, K. L., T. Ijichi, A. C. Naveira Garabato, A. Forryan, and C. P. Spingys. Highly efficient turbulent mixing in a weakly stratified abyssal boundary currentIn preparation.
  • Polzin, K. L., A. Ruiz Angulo, Z. Wang, B. Wang, and J. M. Toole. Boundary Mixing along the Northern Deepwater Gulf of Mexico, II. GoMIX 1 Surverys and Time Series. In preparation.
  • Polzin, K. L., A. Costa, A. Ruiz Angulo, A. M. Thurnherr, J. R. Ledwell, Z. Wang, and S. F. DiMarco. Boundary mixing along the Northern Deepwater Gulf of Mexico. I. Results from GISR. In preparation.
  • Polzin, K. L. The Oceanic Ultraviolet Catastrophe. National Academy of SciencesIn preparation.
  • Lvov, Y. V. and K. L. Polzin. Scale separated approaches to the interaction of oceanic Internal waves. In preparation.
  • Polzin, K. L., T. Ijichi, A. C. Naveria Garabato, A. Forryan, and c. P. Spingys. Highly efficient turbulent mixing in a weakly stratified abyssal boundary current. Journal of Physical Oceanography, In preparation.
  • Orue-Echevarria, D., A. C. Naveria Garabato, K. L. Polzin, and J. L. Pelegri. Mixing in the Brazil-Malvinas Confluence. In preparation.





  • Polzin, K. L., and Y. V. Lvov, 2017. An Oceanic Ultraviolet Catastrophe, Wave-Particle Duality and a Strongly Nonlinear Concept of Geophysical Turbulence. Fluids2, 36-62, doi:10.3390/fluids2030036.
  • MacKinnon, J., M. Alford, J. Ansong, B. Arbic, A. Barna, B. Briegleb, F. Bryan, M. Buijsman, E. Chassignet, G. Danabasoglu. S. Diggs, S. Griffies, R. Hallberg, S. Jayne, M. Jochum, J. Klymak, E. Kunze, W. Large, S. Legg, B. Mater, A. Melet, L. Merchant, R. Musgrave, J. Nash, N. Norton, A. Pickering, R. Pinkel, K. Polzin, H. Simmons, L. St. Laurent, O. Sun, D. Trossman, A. Waterhouse, C. Whalen, and Z. Zhao, 2017. Climate Process team on Internal-Wave Driven Ocean Mixing. Bulletin of American Meteorological Society98(11), 2429-2454 doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0030.1


  • Naveira Garabato, A.C., K.L. Polzin, R. Ferrari, J.D. Zika, and A. Forryan, 2016. A microscale view of mixing and overturning across the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Journal of Physical Oceanography,  46, 233-254, doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-15-0025.1.


  • Trossman, D..S., S. Waterman, K.L. Polzin, B. K. Arbic, S.T. Garner, A.C. Naveira Garabato and K.L. Sheen, 2015. Internal Lee Wave closures: Parameter sensitivity and comparison to observations. Journal of Geophysical Research, Oceans, 120, 7997-8019, doi: 10.1002/2015JCO/0892
  • Weijer, W., M.E. Maltrund, W.B. Homoky, K.L. Polzin and, L.R.M. Maas, 2015. Eddy-driven sediment transport in the Argentine Basin: is the height of the Zapiola Rise hydrodynamically controlled? Journal of Geophysical Research, Oceans, 120, 2096-211, doi:10.1002/2014JC010573
  • Forryan, A., A.C. Naveira Garabato, K.L. Polzin and, S. Waterman, 2015. Rapid Injection of near-inertial shear into the stratified upper ocean at an Antarctic Circumpolar front. Geophysical Research Letters42, 3431-3441, doi: 10.1002/2015GL063494


  • Meyer, A., B.M. Sloyan, K.L. Polzin, H.E. Phillips and N.L. Bindoff, 2014. Mixing Variability in the Southern Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 45, 966-987, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-14-0110.1
  • Polzin, K.L., A. C. Naveira Garabato, and E.P. Abrahamsen, L. Jullion and M.P. Meredith, 2014. Boundary mixing in Orkney Passage Outflow. Journal of Geophysical Research, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JC010099.
  • Waterhouse, A.F., J. A. MacKinnon, J.D. Nash, M. H. Alford, E. Kunze, H.L. Simmons, K.L. Polzin, L.C. St. Laurent, O.M. Sun, R. Pinkel, L.D. Talley, C.B. Whalen, T.N. Huussen, G. S. Cater, I. Fer, S.N. Waterman, A. C. Naveira Garabato, T. B. Sanford and C.M. Lee, 2014.   Global patterns of diapycnal mixing from the turbulent dissipation rate.  Journal of Physical Oceanography44, 1854-1872.
  • Sheen, K. L., A. C. Naveira Garabato, J. A. Brearley, M. P.  Meredith, K. L. Polzin, D. A. Smeed, A. Forryan, B. A. King, J. B. Sallée, L. St. Laurent, J. R.  Ledwell, A. M. Thurnherr, J. M. Toole, S. N. Waterman and, A. J. Watson, 2014. Eddy-induced variability in Southern Ocean abyssal mixing on climatic timescales. Nature Geoscience, 7, 577-582, doi:10.1038/ngeo2200.
  • Nikurashin, M., R. Ferrari, N. Grisouard, and K. L. Polzin, 2014.  The impact of finite amplitude topography on internal wave generation in the Southern Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography44, 2938-2950.
  • Waterman, S. N., A. C. Naveira Garabato, and K. L. Polzin, 2014. Suppression of internal wave breaking in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current near topography.  Journal of Physical Oceanography, 44, 1466-1492, doi:
  • Polzin, K. L., A. C. Naveira Garabato, T. N. Huussen, B. Sloyan, and S. Waterman, 2014. Finescale parameterizations of turbulent dissipation.  JGR: Oceans, 119, 1383-1419, doi: 10.1002/2013JC008979.


  • Sun, O. M., S. R. Jayne, K. L. Polzin, B. A. Rahter, and L. C. St. Laurent, 2013.  Scaling turbulent dissipation in the transition layer.  Journal of Physical Oceanography43, 2475-2489.
  • Melet, A., R. Hallberg, S. Legg, and K.L. Polzin, 2013.  Sensitivity of the ocean state to the vertical distribution of internal-tide driven mixing.  Journal of Physical Oceanography43, 602–615. doi:
  • Arbic, B. K., K. L. Polzin, R. B. Scott, J. G. Richman, and J. F. Shriver, 2013. On eddy viscosity, energy cascades, and the horizontal resolution of gridded satellite altimetry products.  Journal of Physical Oceanography43, 283-300.
  • Waterman, S. N., A. C. Naveira Garabato, and K. L. Polzin, 2013.  Internal waves and turbulence in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current.  Journal of Physical Oceanography43, 259-282,  doi:


  • Lvov, Y. V., K. L. Polzin, and N. Yokoyama, 2012.  Resonant and near-resonant internal wave interactions. J. Phys. Oceangr.42, 669-691,doi:10.1175/2011JPO4129.1.


  • Naveira Garabato, A. C., R. Ferrari, and K. L. Polzin, 2011.   Eddy stirring in the Southern Ocean.  Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, C09019, doi10-1029/2010JC006818.
  • Polzin, K. L., and Y. V. Lvov, 2011.  Toward regional characterizations of the oceanic internal wavefield.  Reviews of Geophysics49, RG4003, doi:10.1029/2010RG000329.


  • Lvov, Y. V., K.L. Polzin, E. G. Tabak, and N. Yokoyama, 2010.  The oceanic internal wavefield:  Theory of scale-invariant spectra.  Journal of Physical Oceanography40, 2605-2623.
  • Polzin, K. L., 2010.  Mesoscale eddy–internal wave coupling.  Part II. Energetics and results from PolyMode.  Journal of Physical Oceanography40, 789-801.


  • Polzin, K. L., 2009.  An Abyssal Recipe.  Ocean Modelling20, 298-309.


  • Polzin, K. L., 2008.  Mesoscale Eddy – Internal Wave Coupling.  I. Symmetry, wave capture and results from the Mid-Ocean Dynamics Experiment.  Journal of Physical Oceanography38(11), 2556-2574.


  • Ferrari, R., and K. L. Polzin, 2005.  Finescale structure of the T-S relation in the Eastern North Atlantic. Journal of Physical Oceanography35, 1437-1454.
  • Schmitt, R. W.,  J. R. Ledwell, E. T. Montgomery, K. L. Polzin, and J. M. Toole, 2005. Enhanced Diapycnal Mixing by Salt Fingers in the Main Thermocline of the Tropical Atlantic.  Science308, 685-688.


  • Lvov, Y. V., K. L. Polzin, and E. G. Tabak, 2004.  Energy spectra of the ocean’s internal wavefield: Theory and observations.  Physical Review Letters92(12), 12501, doi: 10.1103.
  • Naveira Garabato, A., K. L. Polzin, B. A. King, K. J. Heywood, and M. Visbeck, 2004. Widespread intense mixing in the deep Southern Ocean.  Science303, 210-213.
  • Polzin, K. L., and R. Ferrari, 2004. Isopycnal dispersion in NATRE.  Journal of Physical Oceanography34, 247-257.
  • Polzin, K. L., 2004. Idealized solutions for the energy balance of the finescale internal wavefield.  Journal of Physical Oceanography34, 231-246.
  • Polzin, K. L., 2004. A heuristic description of internal wave dynamics.  Journal of Physical Oceanography34, 214-230.


  • Polzin, K. L., E. Kunze, J. M. Toole, and R. W. Schmitt, 2003. The partition of finescale energy into internal waves and subinertial motions.  Journal of Physical Oceanography, 33, 234-248.


  • Mauritzen, C., K. L. Polzin, M. S. McCartney, R. C. Millard, and D. E. West-Mack, 2002. Evidence in hydrography and density finestructure for enhanced vertical mixing over the mid-Atlantic Ridge in the western Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research107, 3147, doi:10.1029/2001JC 001114.
  • Polzin, K. L., E. Kunze, J. Hummon, and E. Firing, 2002. The finescale response of lowered ADCP velocity profilers.  Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology19, 205-224.


  • Ledwell, J. R., E. T. Montgomery, K. L. Polzin, L. C. St. Laurent, R. W. Schmitt, and J. M. Toole, 2000. Evidence for enhanced mixing over rough topography in the abyssal ocean. Nature403(6766), 179-182.


  • Ferron, B., H. Mercier, K. Speer, A. Gargett, and K. L. Polzin, 1998. Mixing in the Romanche Fracture Zone. Journal of Physical Oceanography28(10), 1929-1945.


  • Toole, J.M., R.W. Schmitt, K.L. Polzin, and E. Kunze, 1997. Near-boundary mixing above the flanks of a mid-latitude seamount. Journal of Geophysical Research102(C1), 947-959.
  • Polzin, K. L., J. M. Toole, J. R. Ledwell, and R. W. Schmitt, 1997. Spatial variability of turbulent mixing in the abyssal ocean. Science276, 93-96.


  • Polzin, K. L., K. G. Speer, J. M. Toole, and R. W. Schmitt, 1996. Intense mixing of Antarctic bottom water in the equatorial Atlantic Ocean. Nature380(6569), 54-57.
  • Polzin, K. L., N. S. Oakey, J. M. Toole, and R. W. Schmitt, 1996. Fine- and microstructure characteristics across the northwest Atlantic subtropical front. Journal of Geophysical Research101, 14,111-14,121.
  • Polzin, K. L., 1996. Statistics of the Richardson Number: Mixing models and finestructure. Journal of Physical Oceanography26(8), 1409-1425.


  • Polzin, K.L., J. M. Toole, and R. W. Schmitt, 1995. Finescale parameterizations of turbulent dissipation. Journal of Physical Oceanography25, 306-328.


  • Toole, J.M., K.L. Polzin, and R.W. Schmitt, 1994. New estimates of diapycnal mixing in the abyssal ocean. Science264, 1120-1123.


  • Weller, R.A., D. Rudnick, C.C. Eriksen, K.L. Polzin, N.S. Oakey, J.M. Toole, R.W. Schmitt, and R.T. Pollard, 1991. Forced ocean response during the frontal air-sea interaction experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research96, 8611-8638.