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The Ice-Ocean Environmental Buoy (IOEB) was developed at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution with support from the U.S. Office of Naval Research and by the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology to acquire air, ice, and upper ocean observations in the Arctic pack-ice in the 1990s. Based upon the 1987-88 Arctic Environmental Drifting Buoy (AEDB), the IOEB development and implementation was assisted by numerous individuals from many organizations.

Five systems between 1992 and 1998 acquired and telemetered in near real-time interrelatable time-series data on atmospheric, oceanographic and ice physics in ice-covered oceans during all seasons.

The scientific program which generated the IOEB studied the physical, thermodynamic, and biogechemical processes which operate in ice covered oceans, and their response to and effect on climate (Honjo et al, 1995).