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Bibliography of Publications that use ITP Data, 2004 to 2023

Publications (discovered with a literature search) that use Ice-Tethered Profiler data, reference analyses of ITP data, or otherwise make note of the ITP instrument and/or program. February 2024


Wei, G., H. Liu, & L. Cai (2024). The oceanic mixed layer changes along with the state transition of the Beaufort Gyre, DAO.


Hoffman, L., M. R. Mazloff, S. T. Gille, D. Giglio, C. M. Bitz, P. Heimbach, & K. Matsuyoshi (2023). Machine learning for daily forecasts of arctic sea ice motion: An attribution assessment of model predictive skill. Artificial intelligence for earth systems.

Timmermans, M.-L., & R. S. Pickart (2023). The Arctic Ocean’s changing Beaufort Gyre system: An assessment of current understanding, open questions, and future research directions.


Abraham, J., Cheng, L., Mann, M. E., Trenberth, K., & von Schuckmann, K. (2022). The ocean response to climate change guides both adaptation and mitigation efforts. Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters, 15(4), 100221.

Baggeroer, A. B., & Collis, J. M. (2022). Transmission loss for the Beaufort Lens and the critica frequency for mode propagation during ICEX-18a). The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 151(4), 2760–2772.

Bertosio, C., Provost, C., Athanase, M., Sennechael, N., Garric, G., Lellouche, J.-M., Bricaud, C., Kim, J.-H., Cho, K.-H., & Park, T. (2022). Changes in Freshwater Distribution and Pathways in the Arctic Ocean Since 2007 in the Mercator Ocean Global Operational System. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 127(6), e2021JC017701.

Bertosio, C., Provost, C., Athanase, M., Sennéchael, N., Garric, G., Lellouche, J.-M., Kim, J.-H., Cho, K.-H., & Park, T. (2022). Changes in Arctic Halocline Waters along the East Siberian Slope and in the Makarov Basin from 2007 to 2020. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, e2021JC018082.

Bhatt, E. C., Viquez, O., & Schmidt, H. (2022). Under-ice acoustic navigation using real-time model-aided range estimation. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 151(4), 2656–2671.

Bhatt, E., Howard, B., & Schmidt, H. (2022). An Embedded Tactical Decision Aid Framework for Environmentally Adaptive Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Communication and Navigation. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, PP(99).

Boury, S., Supekar, R., Fine, E. c., Musgrave, R., Mickett, J. b., Voet, G., Odier, P., Peacock, T., MacKinnon, J. a., & Alford, M. H. (2022). Observations of Double Diffusive Staircase Edges in the Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, e2022JC018906.

Branch, R., Ticona Rollano, F., Cotter, E., McVey, J. R., Cavagnaro, R. J., & Rigor, I. (2022). Marine renewable energy for Arctic observations. Frontiers in Marine Science, 9.

Brunette, C., Tremblay, L. B., & Newton, R. (2022). A new state-dependent parameterization for the free drift of sea ice. The Cryosphere, 16(2), 533–557.

Cheng, L., von Schuckmann, K., Abraham, J. P., Trenberth, K. E., Mann, M. E., Zanna, L., England, M. H., Zika, J. D., Fasullo, J. T., Yu, Y., Pan, Y., Zhu, J., Newsom, E. R., Bronselaer, B., & Lin, X. (2022). Past and future ocean warming. Nature Reviews Earth & Environment.

Crews, L., Lee, C. M., Rainville, L., & Thomson, J. (2022). Direct Observations of the Role of Lateral Advection of Sea Ice Meltwater in the Onset of Autumn Freeze Up. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 127(2), e2021JC017775.

de Rosnay, P., Browne, P., de Boisséson, E., Fairbairn, D., Hirahara, Y., Ochi, K., Schepers, D., Weston, P., Zuo, H., Alonso-Balmaseda, M., Balsamo, G., Bonavita, M., Borman, N., Brown, A., Chrust, M., Dahoui, M., Chiara, G., English, S., Geer, A., … Rabier, F. (2022). Coupled data assimilation at ECMWF: Current status, challenges and future developments. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 148(747), 2672–2702.

Dong, C., Luo, X., Zheng, Z., Zhao, W., & Wei, H. (2022). Regime shift in annual nitrate concentration in the upper southern Chukchi Borderland responded to the westward shift of the Beaufort Gyre. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, e2022JC018846.

Fang, H., Zhang, X., Shi, L., Bao, M., Liu, G., Cao, C., & Zhang, J. (2022). Evaluation of Arctic Sea Ice Drift Products Based on FY-3, HY-2, AMSR2, and SSMIS Radiometer Data. Remote Sensing, 14(20), Article 20.

Fer, I., Baumann, T. M., Koenig, Z., Muilwijk, M., & Tippenhauer, S. (2022). Upper-Ocean Turbulence Structure and Ocean-Ice Drag Coefficient Estimates Using an Ascending Microstructure Profiler During the MOSAiC Drift. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 127(9), e2022JC018751.

Finocchio, P. M., Doyle, J. D., & Stern, D. P. (2022). Accelerated Sea Ice Loss from Late Summer Cyclones in the New Arctic. Journal of Climate, 35(23), 4151–4169.

Guo, Y., & Bishop, S. P. (2022). Surface Divergent Eddy Heat Fluxes and Their Impacts on Mixed Layer Eddy-Mean Flow Interactions. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 14(4), e2021MS002863.

Hill, V., Light, B., Steele, M., & Sybrandy, A. L. (2022). Contrasting Sea-Ice Algae Blooms in a Changing Arctic Documented by Autonomous Drifting Buoys. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 127(7), e2021JC017848.

Hoppmann, M., Kuznetsov, I., Fang, Y.-C., & Rabe, B. (2022). Mesoscale observations of temperature and salinity in the Arctic Transpolar Drift: A high-resolution dataset from the MOSAiC Distributed Network. Earth System Science Data, 14(11), 4901–4921.

Jones, J. M., Hildebrand, J. A., Thayre, B. J., Jameson, E., Small, R. J., & Wiggins, S. M. (2022). The influence of sea ice on the detection of bowhead whale calls. Scientific Reports, 12.

Karpouzoglou, T., de Steur, L., Smedsrud, L. H., & Sumata, H. (2022). Observed Changes in the Arctic Freshwater Outflow in Fram Strait. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 127(3), e2021JC018122.

Kersalé, M., Volkov, D. L., Pujiana, K., & Zhang, H. (2022). Interannual variability of sea level in the southern Indian Ocean: Local vs. remote forcing mechanisms. Ocean Science, 18(1), 193–212.

Lavoie, J., Tremblay, B., & Rosenblum, E. (2022). Pacific Waters Pathways and Vertical Mixing in the CESM1-LE: Implication for Mixed Layer Depth Evolution and Sea Ice Mass Balance in the Canada Basin. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 127(2), e2021JC017729.

Lee, C., Applied Physics Laboratory, U. of W., DeGrandpre, M., Guthrie, J., Hill, V., Kwok, R., Morison, J., Cox, C., Singh, H., Stanton, T., & Wilkinson, J. (2022). Emerging Technologies and Approaches for In Situ, Autonomous Observing in the Arctic. Oceanography.

Lenn, Y.-D., Fer, I., Timmermans, M.-L., & MacKinnon, J. A. (2022). Chapter 11—Mixing in the Arctic Ocean. In M. Meredith & A. Naveira Garabato (Eds.), Ocean Mixing (pp. 275–299). Elsevier.

Li, M., Zhou, C., Chen, X., Liu, Y., Li, B., & Liu, T. (2022). Improvement of the feature tracking and patter matching algorithm for sea ice motion retrieval from SAR and optical imagery. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 112, 102908.

Lin, L., Lei, R., Hoppmann, M., Perovich, D. K., & He, H. (2022). Changes in the annual sea ice freeze–thaw cycle in the Arctic Ocean from 2001 to 2018. The Cryosphere, 16(12), 4779–4796.

Liu, T., Wang, Z., Shokr, M., Lei, R., & Zhang, Z. (2022). An Assessment of Sea Ice Motion Products in the Robeson Channel Using Daily Sentinel-1 Images. Remote Sensing, 14.

Lu, Y.-Z., Guo, S.-X., Zhou, S.-Q., Song, X.-L., & Huang, P.-Q. (2022). Identification of Thermohaline Sheet and Its Spatial Structure in the Canada Basin. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 52(11), 2773–2787.

Ludwigsen, C. B., Andersen, O. B., & Rose, S. K. (2022). Components of 21 years (1995–2015) of absolute sea level trends in the Arctic. Ocean Science, 18(1), 109–127.

Lyu, G., Serra, N., Zhou, M., & Stammer, D. (2022). Arctic sea level variability from high-resolution model simulations and implications for the Arctic observing system. Ocean Science, 18(1), 51–66.

Ma, Y., & W. R. Peltier (2022). Thermohaline staircase formation in the diffusive convection regime: a theory based upon stratified turbulence asymptotics, JFM.

Manucharyan, G. E., & Thompson, A. F. (2022). Heavy footprints of upper-ocean eddies on weakened Arctic sea ice in marginal ice zones. Nature Communications, 13.

Manucharyan G. E., & A. L. Stewart (2022). Stirring of interior potential vorticity gradients as a formation mechanism of large subsurface-intensified eddies in the Beaufort Gyre, JPO.

Ménesguen, C., Lique, C., & Caspar-Cohen, Z. (2022). Density staircases are disappearing in the Canada Basin of the Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 127(11), e2022JC018877.

Mu, L., Nerger, L., Streffing, J., Tang, Q., Niraula, B., Zampieri, L., Loza, S. N., & Goessling, H. F. (2022). Sea-Ice Forecasts With an Upgraded AWI Coupled Prediction System. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 14(12), e2022MS003176.

Niklasson, S., Veneziani, M., Rowe, C., Bilek, S., Price, S., Roberts, A., Worcester, P. F., & Dzieciuch, M. (2022). Toward predicting Arctic Ocean acoustic travel times using an Earth system model. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 152, A110–A110.

Pnyushkov, A. V., Alekseev, G. V., & Smirnov, A. V. (2022). On the Interplay between Freshwater Content and Hydrographic Conditions in the Arctic Ocean in the 1990s–2010s. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 10.

Pnyushkov, A. V., & Polyakov, I. V. (2022). SIDEBAR • Nansen and Amundsen Basins Observational System (NABOS): Contributing to Understanding Changes in the Arctic. Oceanography, 35(3–4), 90–93.

Prakash, K. V., & Shanmugam, P. (2022). Artificial Neural Network Model for Estimating Ocean Heat Content in the Sea Ice-covered Arctic Regions using Satellite Data. IEEE Access.

Qiu, Y., & Li, X.-M. (2022). Retrieval of Sea Ice Drift From the Central Arctic to the Fram Strait Based on Sequential Sentinel-1 SAR Data. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 60, 1–14.

Rabe, B., Heuzé, C., Regnery, J., Aksenov, Y., Allerholt, J., Athanase, M., Bai, Y., Basque, C., Bauch, D., Baumann, T. M., Chen, D., Cole, S. T., Craw, L., Davies, A., Damm, E., Dethloff, K., Divine, D. V., Doglioni, F., Ebert, F., … Zhu, J. (2022). Overview of the MOSAiC expedition: Physical oceanography. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, 10(1), 00062.

Richards, A. E., Johnson, H. L., & Lique, C. (2022). Spatial and temporal variability of Atlantic Water in the Arctic from forty years of observations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, e2021JC018358.


Rollo, C., Heywood, K. J., & Hall, R. A. (2022). Glider observations of thermohaline staircases in the tropical North Atlantic using an automated classifier. Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems, 11(2), 359–373.

Rosenblum, E., Stroeve, J., Gille, S. T., Lique, C., Fajber, R., Tremblay, L. B., Galley, R., Loureiro, T., Barber, D. G., & Lukovich, J. V. (2022). Freshwater Input and Vertical Mixing in the Canada Basin’s Seasonal Halocline: 1975 versus 2006-12. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 52(7), 1383–1396.

Rysgaard, S., Bjerge, K., Boone, W., Frandsen, E., Graversen, M., Thomas Høye, T., Jensen, B., Johnen, G., Antoni Jackowicz-Korczynski, M., Taylor Kerby, J., Kortegaard, S., Mastepanov, M., Melvad, C., Schmidt Mikkelsen, P., Mortensen, K., Nørgaard, C., Poulsen, E., Riis, T., Sørensen, L., & Røjle Christensen, T. (2022). A mobile observatory powered by sun and wind for near real time measurements of atmospheric, glacial, terrestrial, limnic and coastal oceanic conditions in remote off-grid areas. HardwareX, 12, e00331.

Shibley, N. C., & Timmermans, M.-L. (2022). The Beaufort Gyre’s Diffusive Staircase: Finescale Signatures of Gyre-Scale Transport. Geophysical Research Letters, 49(13), e2022GL098621.

Shrestha, K., & Manucharyan, G. E. (2022). Parameterization of Submesoscale Mixed Layer Restratification under Sea Ice. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 52(3), 419–435.

Son, E. Y., Kawaguchi, Y., Cole, S. T., Toole, J. M., & Ha, H. K. (2022). Assessment of Turbulent Mixing Associated With Eddy-Wave Coupling Based on Autonomous Observations From the Arctic Canada Basin. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 127(9), e2022JC018489.

Veneziani, M., Maslowski, W., Lee, Y. J., D’Angelo, G., Osinski, R., Petersen, M. R., Weijer, W., Craig, A. P., Wolfe, J. D., Comeau, D., & Turner, A. K. (2022). An evaluation of the E3SMv1 Arctic ocean and sea-ice regionally refined model. Geoscientific Model Development, 15(7), 3133–3160.

von Appen, W.-J., Baumann, T. M., Janout, M., Koldunov, N., Lenn, Y.-D., Pickart, R. S., Scott, R. B., & Wang, Q. (2022). Eddies and the Distribution of Eddy Kinetic Energy in the Arctic Ocean. OCEANOGRAPHY, 35(3–4, SI), 42–51.

Wang, J., Dou, Y., Zuo, G., Lan, M., Chang, X., Yang, B., Du, Z., Yu, M., & Mao, Q. (2022). Application and effect analysis of renewable energy in a small standalone automatic observation system deployed in the polar regions. AIP Advances, 12(12), 125218.

Wang, X., Chen, R., Li, C., Chen, Z., Hui, F., & Cheng, X. (2022). An Intercomparison of Satellite Derived Arctic Sea Ice Motion Products. Remote Sensing, 14.

Weijer, W., Laboratory, L. A. N., Haine, T., Siddiqui, A., Cheng, W., Veneziani, M., & Kurtakoti, P. (2022). Interactions between the Arctic Mediterranean and the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: A Review. Oceanography.

Woods, K., Webb, S. C., Wallace, L. M., Ito, Y., Collins, C., Palmer, N., Hino, R., Savage, M. K., Saffer, D. M., Davis, E. E., & Barker, D. H. N. (2022). Using Seafloor Geodesy to Detect Vertical Deformation at the Hikurangi Subduction Zone: Insights From Self-Calibrating Pressure Sensors and Ocean General Circulation Models. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 127(12), e2022JB023989.

Yang, S., Song, H., Coakley, B., Zhang, K., & Fan, W. (2022). A Mesoscale Eddy With Submesoscale Spiral Bands Observed From Seismic Reflection Sections in the Northwind Basin, Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 127(3), e2021JC017984.

You, J., Xu, Z., Robertson, R., Li, Q., & Yin, B. (2022). Geographical inhomogeneity and temporal variability of mixing property and driving mechanism in the Arctic Ocean. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 40(3), 846–869.

Zhang, K., Song, H., Coakley, B., Yang, S., & Fan, W. (2022). Investigating Eddies From Coincident Seismic and Hydrographic Measurements in the Chukchi Borderlands, the Western Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 127(10), e2022JC018453.

Zhang, P., Li, Q., Xu, Z., & Yin, B. (2022). Internal solitary wave generation by the tidal flows beneath ice keel in the Arctic Ocean. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 40(3), 831–845.

Zhang, P., Xu, Z., Li, Q., You, J., Yin, B., Robertson, R., & Zheng, Q. (2022). Numerical Simulations of Internal Solitary Wave Evolution Beneath an Ice Keel. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 127(2), e2020JC017068.

Zheng, Y., Stevens, D. P., Heywood, K. J., Webber, B. G. M., & Queste, B. Y. (2022). Reversal of ocean gyres near ice shelves in the Amundsen Sea caused by the interaction of sea ice and wind. The Cryosphere, 16(7), 3005–3019.

Zhong, W., Cole, S. T., Zhang, J., Lei, R., & Steele, M. (2022). Increasing Winter Ocean-to-Ice Heat Flux in the Beaufort Gyre Region, Arctic Ocean Over 2006–2018. Geophysical Research Letters, 49(2), e2021GL096216.


Bonnel, J., Kinda, G. B., & Zitterbart, D. P. (2021). Low-frequency ocean ambient noise on the Chukchi Shelf in the changing Arctic(a)). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 149(6), 4061-4072. doi: 10.1121/10.0005135

Buckingham, C. E., Gula, J., & Carton, X. (2021). The Role of Curvature in Modifying Frontal Instabilities. Part II: Application of the Criterion to Curved Density Fronts at Low Richardson Numbers. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 51(2), 317-341. doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-20-0258.1

Cassianides, A., Lique, C., & Korosov, A. (2021). Ocean Eddy Signature on SAR-Derived Sea Ice Drift and Vorticity. Geophysical Research Letters, 48(6). doi: 10.1029/2020GL092066

Dosser, H. V., Chanona, M., Waterman, S., Shibley, N. C., & Timmermans, M. L. (2021). Changes in Internal Wave-Driven Mixing Across the Arctic Ocean: Finescale Estimates From an 18-Year Pan-Arctic Record. Geophysical Research Letters, 48(8). doi: 10.1029/2020GL091747

Duda, T. F., Zhang, W. G., & Lin, Y. T. (2021). Effects of Pacific Summer Water layer variations and ice cover on Beaufort Sea underwater sound ducting). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 149(4), 2117-2136. doi: 10.1121/10.0003929

Grabon, J. S., Toole, J. M., Nguyen, A. T., & Krishfield, R. A. (2021). An analysis of Atlantic water in the Arctic Ocean using the Arctic subpolar gyre state estimate and observations. Progress in Oceanography, 198. doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2021.102685

Hamilton, A. K., Mueller, D., & Laval, B. E. (2021). Ocean Modification and Seasonality in a Northern Ellesmere Island Glacial Fjord Prior to Ice Shelf Breakup: Milne Fiord. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 126(7). doi: 10.1029/2020JC016975

Kenigson, J. S., Gelderloos, R., & Manucharyan, G. E. (2021). Vertical Structure of the Beaufort Gyre Halocline and the Crucial Role of the Depth-Dependent Eddy Diffusivity. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 51(3), 845-860. doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-20-0077.1

Lavergne, T., Sole, M. P., Down, E., & Donlon, C. (2021). Towards a swath-to-swath sea-ice drift product for the Copernicus Imaging Microwave Radiometer mission. Cryosphere, 15(8), 3681-3698. doi: 10.5194/tc-15-3681-2021

Meneghello, G., Marshall, J., Lique, C., Isachsen, P. E., Doddridge, E., Campin, J. M., Regan, H., & Talandier, C. (2021). Genesis and Decay of Mesoscale Baroclinic Eddies in the Seasonally Ice-Covered Interior Arctic Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 51(1), 115-129. doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-20-0054.1

Nguyen, A. T., Pillar, H., Ocana, V., Bigdeli, A., Smith, T. A., & Heimbach, P. (2021). The Arctic Subpolar Gyre State Estimate: Description and Assessment of a Data-Constrained, Dynamically Consistent Ocean-Sea Ice Estimate for 2002-2017. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 13(5). doi: 10.1029/2020MS002398

Rosenblum, E., Fajber, R., Stroeve, J. C., Gille, S. T., Tremblay, L. B., & Carmack, E. C. (2021). Surface Salinity Under Transitioning Ice Cover in the Canada Basin: Climate Model Biases Linked to Vertical Distribution of Fresh Water. Geophysical Research Letters, 48(21). doi: 10.1029/2021GL094739

Smith, G. C., Liu, Y. M., Benkiran, M., Chikhar, K., Colan, D. S., Gauthier, A. A., Testut, C. E., Dupont, F., Lei, J., Roy, F., Lemieux, J. F., & Davidson, F. (2021). The Regional Ice Ocean Prediction System v2: a pan-Canadian ocean analysis system using an online tidal harmonic analysis. Geoscientific Model Development, 14(3), 1445-1467. doi: 10.5194/gmd-14-1445-2021

Sobisevich, A. L., Presnov, D. A., & Shurup, A. S. (2021). Fundamentals of Passive Seismohydroacoustic Methods for Arctic Shelf Investigation. Acoustical Physics, 67(1), 62-82. doi: 10.1134/S1063771021010048

Stedmon, C. A., Amon, R. M. W., Bauch, D., Bracher, A., Goncalves-Araujo, R., Hoppmann, M., Krishfield, R., Laney, S., Rabe, B., Reader, H., & Granskog, M. A. (2021). Insights Into Water Mass Origins in the Central Arctic Ocean From In-Situ Dissolved Organic Matter Fluorescence. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 126(7). doi: 10.1029/2021JC017407

van der Boog, C. G., Koetsier, J. O., Dijkstra, H. A., Pietrzak, J. D., & Katsman, C. A. (2021). Global dataset of thermohaline staircases obtained from Argo floats and Ice-Tethered Profilers. Earth System Science Data, 13(1), 43-61. doi: 10.5194/essd-13-43-20211663-1680. doi: 10.1121/10.0001970

Vazquez-Cuervo, J., Gentemann, C., Tang, W. Q., Carroll, D., Zhang, H., Menemenlis, D., Gomez-Valdes, J., Bouali, M., & Steele, M. (2021). Using Saildrones to Validate Arctic Sea-Surface Salinity from the SMAP Satellite and from Ocean Models. Remote Sensing, 13(5). doi: 10.3390/rs13050831


Aoki, S., Ono, K., Hirano, D., & Tamura, T. (2020). Continuous winter oceanic profiling in the Cape Darnley Polynya, East Antarctica. Journal of Oceanography, 76(5), 365-372. doi: 10.1007/s10872-020-00550-w

Ballard, M. S., Badiey, M., Sagers, J. D., Colosi, J. A., Turgut, A., Pecknold, S., Lin, Y. T., Proshutinsky, A., Krishfield, R., Worcester, P. F., & Dzieciuch, M. A. (2020). Temporal and spatial dependence of a yearlong record of sound propagation from the Canada Basin to the Chukchi Shelf. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 148(3),

Carroll, D., Menemenlis, D., Adkins, J. F., Bowman, K. W., Brix, H., Dutkiewicz, S., Fenty, I., Gierach, M. M., Hill, C., Jahn, O., Landschutzer, P., Lauderdale, J. M., Liu, J., Manizza, M., Naviaux, J. D., Rodenbeck, C., Schimel, D. S., Van der Stocken, T., & Zhang, H. (2020). The ECCO-Darwin Data-Assimilative Global Ocean Biogeochemistry Model: Estimates of Seasonal to Multidecadal Surface Ocean pCO(2) and Air-Sea CO2 Flux. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12(10). doi: 10.1029/2019MS001888

Duncan, B. N., Ott, L. E., Abshire, J. B., Brucker, L., Carroll, M. L., Carton, J., Comiso, J. C., Dinnat, E. P., Forbes, B. C., Gonsamo, A., Gregg, W. W., Hall, D. K., Ialongo, I., Jandt, R., Kahn, R. A., Karpechko, A., Kawa, S. R., Kato, S., Kumpula, T., Kyrola, E., Loboda, T. V., McDonald, K. C., Montesano, P. M., Nassar, R., Neigh, C. S. R., Parkinson, C. L., Poulter, B., Pulliainen, J., Rautiainen, K., Rogers, B. M., Rousseaux, C. S., Soja, A. J., Steiner, N., Tamminen, J., Taylor, P. C., Tzortziou, M. A., Virta, H., Wang, J. M. S., Watts, J. D., Winker, D. M., & Wu, D. L. (2020). Space-Based Observations for Understanding Changes in the Arctic-Boreal Zone. Reviews of Geophysics, 58(1). doi: 10.1029/2019RG000652

Fournier, S., Lee, T., Wang, X. C., Armitage, T. W. K., Wang, O., Fukumori, I., & Kwok, R. (2020). Sea Surface Salinity as a Proxy for Arctic Ocean Freshwater Changes. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 125(7). doi: 10.1029/2020JC016110

Girdner, S., Mack, J., & Buktenica, M. (2020). Impact of nutrients on photoacclimation of phytoplankton in an oligotrophic lake measured with long-term and high-frequency data: implications for chlorophyll as an estimate of phytoplankton biomass. Hydrobiologia, 847(8), 1817-1830. doi: 10.1007/s10750-020-04213-1

Lin, M. W., & Yang, C. J. (2020). Ocean Observation Technologies: A Review. Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 33(1). doi: 10.1186/s10033-020-00449-z

Nguyen, A. T., Heimbach, P., Garg, V. V., Ocana, V., Lee, C., & Rainville, L. (2020). Impact of Synthetic Arctic Argo-Type Floats in a Coupled Ocean-Sea Ice State Estimation Framework. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 37(8), 1477-1495. doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-19-0159.1
Lindeman, M. R., Straneo, F., Wilson, N. J., Toole, J. M., Krishfield, R. A., Beaird, N. L., Kanzow, T., & Schaffer, J. (2020). Ocean Circulation and Variability Beneath Nioghalvfjerdsbrae (79 North Glacier) Ice Tongue. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 125(8). doi: 10.1029/2020JC016091

Ostrovskii, A. G., Zatsepin, A. G., Shvoev, D. A., Volkov, S. V., Kochetov, O. Y., & Olshanskiy, V. M. (2020). Automatic Profiling System for Underice Measurements. Oceanology, 60(6), 861-868. doi: 10.1134/S0001437020060089

Polyakov, I. V., Alkire, M. B., Bluhm, B. A., Brown, K. A., Carmack, E. C., Chierici, M., Danielson, S. L., Ellingsen, I., Ershova, E. A., Gardfeldt, K., Ingvaldsen, R. B., Pnyushkov, A. V., Slagstad, D., & Wassmann, P. (2020). Borealization of the Arctic Ocean in Response to Anomalous Advection From Sub-Arctic Seas. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2020.00491

Proshutinsky, A., Krishfield, R., & Timmermans, M. L. (2020). Introduction to Special Collection on Arctic Ocean Modeling and Observational Synthesis (FAMOS) 2: Beaufort Gyre Phenomenon. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 125(2). doi: 10.1029/2019JC015400

Regan, H., Lique, C., Talandier, C., & Meneghello, G. (2020). Response of Total and Eddy Kinetic Energy to the Recent Spinup of the Beaufort Gyre. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 50(3), 575-594. doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-19-0234.1

Shibley, N. C., Timmermans, M. L., & Stranne, C. (2020). Analysis of Acoustic Observations of Double-Diffusive Finestructure in the Arctic Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 47(18). doi: 10.1029/2020GL089845

Timmermans, M. L., & Marshall, J. (2020). Understanding Arctic Ocean Circulation: A Review of Ocean Dynamics in a Changing Climate. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 125(4). doi: 10.1029/2018JC014378

Whitt, C., Pearlman, J., Polagye, B., Caimi, F., Muller-Karger, F., Copping, A., Spence, H., Madhusudhana, S., Kirkwood, W., Grosjean, L., Fiaz, B. M., Singh, S., Singh, S., Manalang, D., Sen Gupta, A., Maguer, A., Buck, J. J. H., Marouchos, A., Atmanand, M. A., Venkatesan, R., Narayanaswamy, V., Testor, P., Douglas, E., de Halleux, S., & Khalsa, S. J. (2020). Future Vision for Autonomous Ocean Observations. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2020.00697

Worcester, P. F., & Ballard, M. S. (2020). Ocean acoustics in the changing Arctic. Physics Today, 73(12), 44-49. doi: 10.1063/PT.3.4635


Athanase, M., Sennechael, N., Garric, G., Koenig, Z., Boles, E., & Provost, C. (2019). New Hydrographic Measurements of the Upper Arctic Western Eurasian Basin in 2017 Reveal Fresher Mixed Layer and Shallower Warm Layer Than 2005-2012 Climatology. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 124(2), 1091-1114. doi: 10.1029/2018JC014701

Bebieva, Y., and M.-L.Timmermans, M. L. (2019). Double-Diffusive Layering in the Canada Basin: An Explanation of Along-Layer Temperature and Salinity Gradients. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 124(1), 723-735. doi: 10.1029/2018JC014368

Bosse, A., I. Fer, J. M. Lilly, and H. Søiland. (2019). Dynamical controls on the longevity of a non-linear vortex : The case of the Lofoten Basin Eddy. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 13448. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-49599-8

Cole, S. T., & Stadler, J. (2019). Deepening of the Winter Mixed Layer in the Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean Over 2006-2017. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 124(7), 4618-4630. doi: 10.1029/2019JC014940

Cole, S. T. and J. Stadler (2019). Deepening of the Winter Mixed Layer in the Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean Over 2006–2017. Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, 124(7), 4618-4630. doi: 10.1029/2019jc014940

DeGrandpre, M. D., C. Z. Lai, M.-L.Timmermans, R. A. Krishfield, A. Proshutinsky, and D. Torres (2019). Inorganic Carbon and pCO2 Variability During Ice Formation in the Beaufort Gyre of the Canada Basin. Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, 124(6), 4017-4028. doi: 10.1029/2019jc015109

Dmitrenko, I. A., S. A. Kirillov, B. Rudels, D. G. Babb, P. G. Myers, C. A. Stedmon, J. Bendtsen, J. K. Ehn, L. T. Pedersen, S. Rysgaard, S., and D. G. Barber (2019). Variability of the Pacific-Derived Arctic Water Over the Southeastern Wandel Sea Shelf (Northeast Greenland) in 2015-2016. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 124(1), 349-373. doi: 10.1029/2018JC014567

Foukal, N. P., Pickart, R. S., Moore, G. W. K., & Lin, P. G. (2019). Shelfbreak Downwelling in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 124(10), 7201-7225. doi: 10.1029/2019JC015520

Gallaher, S. G. (2019). The importance of capturing late melt season sea ice conditions for modeling the western Arctic ocean boundary layer. Elementa-Science of the Anthropocene, 7. doi: 10.1525/elementa.391

Heimbach, P., I. Fukumori, C. N. Hills, R. M. Ponte, D. Stammer, C. Wunsch, J. M. Campin,  B. Cornuelle, I. Fenty, G. Forget, A. Kohl, M. Mazloff, D. Menemenlis, A. T. Nguyen, C. Piecuch, D. Trossman, A. Verdy, O. Wang, and H. Zhang (2019). Putting It All Together: Adding Value to the Global Ocean and Climate Observing Systems With Complete Self-Consistent Ocean State and Parameter Estimates. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00055

Heorton, H. D. B. S., M. Tsamados, S. T. Cole, A. M. G.  Ferreira, A. Berbellini, M. Fox, and T. W. K. Armitage (2019). Retrieving sea ice drag coefficients and turning angles from in situ and satellite observations using an inverse modeling framework.  Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans,124, 6388–6413.

Ji, B. Y., Z. O. Sandwith, W. J. Williams, O. Diaconescu, R. Ji, Y. Li, E. Van Scoy, M. Yamamoto‐Kawai, S. Zimmermann, and R. H. R. Stanley (2019). Variations in Rates of Biological Production in the Beaufort Gyre as the Arctic Changes: Rates From 2011 to 2016. Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, 124(6), 3628-3644. doi: 10.1029/2018jc014805

Katlein, C., Labaste, M., & Hoppinann, M. (2019). Manual Recovery of a Sea Ice Based Ocean Profiler. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00649

Kawaguchi, Y., Itoh, M., Fukamachi, Y., Moriya, E., Onodera, J., Kikuchi, T., & Harada, N. (2019). Year-round observations of sea-ice drift and near-inertial internal waves in the Northwind Abyssal Plain, Arctic Ocean. Polar Science, 21, 212-223. doi: 10.1016/j.polar.2019.01.004

Lee, C. M., Starkweather, S., Eicken, H., Timmermans, M. L., Wilkinson, J., Sandven, S., Dukhovskoy, D., Gerland, S., Grebmeier, J., Intrieri, J. M., Kang, S. H., McCammon, M., Nguyen, A. T., Polyakov, I., Rabe, B., Sagen, H., Seeyave, S., Volkov, D., Beszczynska-Moller, A., Chafik, L., Dzieciuch, M., Goni, G., Hamre, T., King, A. L., Olsen, A., Raj, R. P., Rossby, T., Skagseth, O., Soiland, H., & Sorensen, K. (2019). A Framework for the Development, Design and Implementation of a Sustained Arctic Ocean Observing System. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00451

Lei, R. B., D. W. Gui, J. K. Hutchings, J. Wang, and X. P. Pang (2019). Backward and forward drift trajectories of sea ice in the northwestern Arctic Ocean in response to changing atmospheric circulation. International Journal of Climatology, 39(11), 4372-4391. doi: 10.1002/joc.6080

Mayer, M., Tietsche, S., Haimberger, L., Tsubouchi, T., Mayer, J., & Zuo, H. (2019). An Improved Estimate of the Coupled Arctic Energy Budget. Journal of Climate, 32(22), 7915-7934. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0233.1

Meyssignac, B., T. Boyer, Z. Zhao, M. Z., Hakuba, F. W. Landerer, D. Stammer, A. Köhl, S. Kato, T. L’Ecuyer, M. Ablain, J. P. Abraham, A. Blazquez, A. Cazenave, J. A. Church, R. Cowley,  L. Cheng, C. M. Domingues, D. Giglio, V. Gouretski, M. Ishii, G. C. Johnson, R. E. Killick, D. Legler, W. Llovel, J. Lyman, M. D. Palmer, S. Piotrowicz, S. G. Purkey, D. Roemmich, R. Roca A. Savita, K. von Schuckmann, S. Speich, G. Stephens, G. Wang, S. E. Wijffels, and N. Zilberman (2019). Measuring Global Ocean Heat Content to Estimate the Earth Energy Imbalance. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, 432. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00432

Polyakov, I. V., L. Padman, Y. D. Lenn, A. Pnyushkov, R. Rember, and V. V. Ivanov (2019). Eastern Arctic Ocean Diapycnal Heat Fluxes through Large Double-Diffusive Steps. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 49(1), 227-246. doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-18-0080.1

Proshutinsky, A., Krishfield, R., Toole, J. M., Timmermans, M. L., Williams, W., Zimmermann, S., Yamamoto-Kawai, M., Armitage, T. W. K., Dukhovskoy, D., Golubeva, E., Manucharyan, G. E., Platov, G., Watanabe, E., Kikuchi, T., Nishino, S., Itoh, M., Kang, S. H., Cho, K. H., Tateyama, K., & Zhao, J. (2019). Analysis of the Beaufort Gyre Freshwater Content in 2003-2018. J Geophys Res Oceans, 124(12), 9658-9689. doi: 10.1029/2019JC015281

Shibley, N. C. and M.-L. Timmermans (2019). The Formation of Double-Diffusive Layers in a Weakly Turbulent Environment. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 124(3), 1445-1458. doi: 10.1029/2018JC014625

Shroyer, E. L., & Pickart, R. S. (2019). Pathways, timing, and evolution of Pacific Winter Water through Barrow Canyon. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography, 162, 50-62. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2018.05.004

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Tilbrook, B., Jewett, E. B., DeGrandpre, M. D., Hernandez-Ayon, J. M., Feely, R. A., Gledhill, D. K., Hansson, L., Isensee, K., Kurz, M. L., Newton, J. A., Siedlecki, S. A., Chai, F., Dupont, S., Graco, M., Calvo, E., Greeley, D., Kapsenberg, L., Lebrec, M., Pelejero, C., Schoo, K. L., & Telszewski, M. (2019). An Enhanced Ocean Acidification Observing Network: From People to Technology to Data Synthesis and Information Exchange. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00337

Vihma, T., Uotila, P., Sandven, S., Pozdnyakov, D., Makshtas, A., Pelyasov, A., Pirazzini, R., Danielsen, F., Chalov, S., Lappalainen, H. K., Ivanov, V., Frolov, I., Albin, A., Cheng, B., Dobrolyubov, S., Arkhipkin, V., Myslenkov, S., Petaja, T., & Kulmala, M. (2019). Towards an advanced observation system for the marine Arctic in the framework of the Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX). Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19(3), 1941-1970. doi: 10.5194/acp-19-1941-2019

Wang, H. Z., Nan, L. W., Han, J. W., Chen, Y., & Huang, H. C. (2019). Long-Term Measurement of Solar Irradiance above, within, and under Sea Ice in Polar Environments by Using Fiber Optic Spectrometry. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 36(9), 1773-1787. doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-19-0086.1

Xie, J. P., Raj, R. P., Bertino, L., Samuelsen, A., & Wakamatsu, T. (2019). Evaluation of Arctic Ocean surface salinities from the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission against a regional reanalysis and in situ data. Ocean Science, 15(5), 1191-1206. doi: 10.5194/os-15-1191-2019

Zhong, W. L., M. Steele, J. L. Zhang, and S. T. Cole (2019). Circulation of Pacific Winter Water in the Western Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 124(2), 863-881. doi: 10.1029/2018JC014604


Behrendt, A., H. Sumata, B. Rabe, and U. Schauer (2018). UDASH - Unified Database for Arctic and Subarctic Hydrography. Earth System Science Data, 10(2), 1119-1138. doi: 10.5194/essd-10-1119-2018

Cole, S. T., J. M. Toole, L. Rainville, and C. M. Lee (2018). Internal Waves in the Arctic: Influence of Ice Concentration, Ice Roughness, and Surface Layer Stratification. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 123(8), 5571-5586. doi: 10.1029/2018JC014096

Frazer, E. K., P. J. Langhorne, M. J. M. Williams, K. T. Goetz, and D. P. Costa (2018). A method for correcting seal-borne oceanographic data and application to the estimation of regional sea ice thickness. Journal of Marine Systems, 187(Geophys. Res. Lett. 32 23 2005), 250-259. doi: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2018.08.002

Gonçalves-Araujo, R., B. Rabe, I. Peeken, and A. Bracher (2018). High colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) absorption in surface waters of the central-eastern Arctic Ocean: Implications for biogeochemistry and ocean color algorithms. PLoS ONE, 13(1), e0190838. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190838

Meneghello, G., J. Marshall, M.-L. Timmermans, and J. Scott (2018). Observations of seasonal upwelling and downwelling in the Beaufort Sea mediated by sea ice. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 48(4), 795-805. doi: 10.1175/jpo-d-17-0188.1

Petrusevich, V. Y., I. A. Dmitrenko, I. E. Kozlov, S. A. Kirillov, Z. Z. A. Kuzyk,  A. S. Komarov, J. P. Heath, D. G. Barber, and J. K. Ehn (2018). Tidally-generated internal waves in Southeast Hudson Bay. Continental Shelf Research, 167, 65-76. doi: 10.1016/j.csr.2018.08.002

Kimmritz, M., Counillon, F., Bitz, C. M., Massonnet, F., Bethke, I., & Gao, Y. (2018). Optimising assimilation of sea ice concentration in an Earth system model with a multicategory sea ice model. Tellus Series a-Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 70. doi: 10.1080/16000870.2018.1435945

Ramudu, E., R. Gelderloos, D. Yang, C. Meneveau, and A. Gnanadesikan (2018). Large Eddy Simulation of Heat Entrainment Under Arctic Sea Ice. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 123(1), 287-304. doi: 10.1002/2017JC013267

Schmith, T., Olsen, S. M., Ringgaard, I. M., & May, W. (2018). Limited predictability of extreme decadal changes in the Arctic Ocean freshwater content. Climate Dynamics, 51(9-10), 3927-3942. doi: 10.1007/s00382-018-4120-8

Smith, M., S. Stammerjohn, O. Persson, L. Rainville, G. Q. Liu, W. Perrie, R. Robertson, J. Jackson, and J. Thomson (2018). Episodic Reversal of Autumn Ice Advance Caused by Release of Ocean Heat in the Beaufort Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 123(5), 3164-3185. doi: 10.1002/2018JC013764

Sumata, H., F. Kauker, M. Karcher, B. Rabe, M.-L. Timmermans, A. Behrendt, R. Gerdes, U. Schauer, K. Shimada, K.-H. Cho, and T. Kikuchi (2018). Decorrelation scales for Arctic Ocean hydrography – Part I: Amerasian Basin. Ocean Science, 14(1), 161-185. doi: 10.5194/os-14-161-2018

Tesdal, J. E., Abernathey, R. P., Goes, J. I., Gordon, A. L., & Haine, T. W. N. (2018). Salinity Trends within the Upper Layers of the Subpolar North Atlantic. Journal of Climate, 31(7), 2675-2698. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0532.1

Timmermans, M.-L., J. Toole, and R. Krishfield. (2018). Warming of the interior Arctic Ocean linked to sea ice losses at the basin margins. Science Advances, 4(8), eaat6773. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aat6773

Zhao, M. N., M.-L. Timmermans, R. Krishfield, and G. Manucharyan (2018). Partitioning of Kinetic Energy in the Arctic Ocean's Beaufort Gyre. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 123(7), 4806-4819. doi: 10.1029/2018JC014037

Zhong, W. L., Steele, M., Zhang, J. L., & Zhao, J. P. (2018). Greater Role of Geostrophic Currents in Ekman Dynamics in the Western Arctic Ocean as a Mechanism for Beaufort Gyre Stabilization. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 123(1), 149-165. doi: 10.1002/2017JC013282

Zuo, G. Y., Y. K. Dou, and R. B. Lei (2018). Discrimination Algorithm and Procedure of Snow Depth and Sea Ice Thickness Determination Using Measurements of the Vertical Ice Temperature Profile by the Ice-Tethered Buoys. Sensors, 18(12). doi: 10.3390/s18124162

Zweng, M. M., T. P. Boyer, O. K. Baranova, J. R. Reagan, D. Seidov, and I. V. Smolyar (2018). An inventory of Arctic Ocean data in the World Ocean Database. Earth System Science Data, 10(1), 677-687. doi: 10.5194/essd-10-677-2018


Armitage, T. W. K., Bacon, S., Ridout, A. L., Petty, A. A., Wolbach, S., and Tsamados, M. (2017), Arctic Ocean surface geostrophic circulation 2003–2014.The Cryosphere, 11, 1767-1780

Bebieva, Y., and M. L. Timmermans, (2017). The relationship between double-diffusive intrusions  and staircases in the Arctic Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 47(4), 867-878.

Bertino, L., & Holland, M. M. (2017). Coupled ice-ocean modeling and predictions. Journal of Marine Research, 75(6), 839-875

Bigdeli, A., B. Loose, A. T. Nguyen, and S. T. Cole (2017). Numerical investigation of the Arctic ice-ocean boundary layer and implications for air-sea gas fluxes. Ocean Science, 13(1), 61-75. doi: 10.5194/os-13-61-2017

Brannigan, L., H. Johnson, C. Lique, J. Nycander, and J. Nilsson (2017). Generation of Subsurface Anticyclones at Arctic Surface Fronts due to a Surface Stress. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 47(11), 2653-2671. doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-17-0022.1

Cole, S. T., J. M. Toole, R. Lele, M.-L. Timmermans, S. G. Gallaher, T. P. Stanton, W. J. Shaw, B. Hwang, T. Maksym, J. P. Wilkinson, M. Ortiz, H. Graber, L. Rainville, A. A. Petty, S. L. Farrell, J. A. Richter-Menge, C. Haas, J. W. Deming, and J. Thomson (2017). Ice and ocean velocity in the Arctic marginal ice zone: Ice roughness and momentum transfer. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, 5(0). doi: 10.1525/elementa.241

Cottier, F., M. Steele, and F. Nilsen. (2017). Sea ice and Arctic Ocean oceanography Sea Ice (pp. 197-215): John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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Gallaher, S. G., Stanton, T. P., Shaw, W. J., Kang, S. H., Kim, J. H., & Cho, K. H. (2017). Field observations and results of a 1-D boundary layer model for developing near-surface temperature maxima in the Western Arctic. Elementa-Science of the Anthropocene, 5. doi: 10.1525/elementa.195

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Islam, F., M. D. DeGrandpre, C. M. Beatty, M.-L. Timmermans, R. A. Krishfield, J. M. Toole, and R. S. Laney (2017). Sea surface pCO2 and O2 dynamics in the partially ice-covered Arctic  Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 122(2), 1425-1438. doi: 10.1002/2016JC012162

Kirillov, S., I. Dmitrenko, S. Rysgaard, D. Babb, L.T. Pedersen, J. Ehn, J. Bendtsen, and D. Barber (2017). Storm-induced water dynamics and thermohaline structure at the tidewater Flade Isblink Glacier outlet to the Wandel Sea (NE Greenland). Ocean Science, 13(6), 947-959, doi:  10.5194/os-13-947-2017.

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Wantanabe, E. J., M. Onodera, S. Itoh, S. Nishino, and T. Kikuchi (2017). Winter transport of subsurface warm water toward the Arctic Chukchi Borderland. Deep-Sea Research Part 1-Oceanographic Research Papers128, 115-130. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2017.08.009.


Armitage, T. W. K., S. Bacon, A. L. Ridout, S. F. Thomas, Y. Aksenov, and D. J. Wingham, (2016). Arctic sea surface height variability and change from satellite radar altimetry and GRACE, 2003–2014. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121(6), 4303-4322. doi: 10.1002/2015JC011579

Barthelemy, A., T. Fichefet, H. Goosse, and G. Madec (2016). A multi-column vertical mixing scheme to parameterize the heterogeneity of oceanic conditions under sea ice. Ocean Modelling, 104, 28-44. doi: 10.1016/j.ocemod.2016.05.005

Bebieva, Y., and M.-L. Timmermans (2016). An examination of double-diffusive processes in a mesoscale eddy in the Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121(1), 457-475. doi: 10.1002/2015JC011105

Bosse, A., P. Testor, L. Houpert, P. Damien, L. Prieur, D. Hayes, V. Taillandier, X. Durrieu de  Madron, F. d'Ortenzio, L. Coppola, J. Karstensen, and L. Mortier, (2016). Scales and dynamics of Submesoscale Coherent Vortices formed by deep convection in the  northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121(10), 7716-7742. doi: 10.1002/2016JC012144

Butterworth, B. J., and S. D. Miller (2016). Air-sea exchange of carbon dioxide in the Southern Ocean and Antarctic marginal ice zone. Geophysical Research Letters, 43(13), 2016GL069581.  doi: 10.1002/2016GL069581

Carmack, E. C., M. Yamamoto-Kawai, T. W. N. Haine, S. Bacon, B. A. Bluhm, C. Lique, H. Melling, I. V. Polyakov, F. Straneo, M.-L. Timmermans, and W. Williams (2016). Freshwater and its role in the Arctic Marine System: Sources, disposition, storage, export, and physical and biogeochemical consequences in the Arctic and global oceans. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 121(3), 2015JG003140. doi: 10.1002/2015JG003140

Dosser, H. V., and L. Rainville (2016). Dynamics of the Changing Near-Inertial Internal Wave Field in the Arctic Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 46(2), 395-415. doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-15-0056.1

Fuckar, N. S., V. Guemas, N. C. Johnson, F. Massonnet, and F. J. Doblas-Reyes (2016). Clusters of interannual sea ice variability in the northern hemisphere. Climate Dynamics, 47(5-6), 1527-1543. doi: 10.1007/s00382-015-2917-2

Gallaher, S. G., Stanton, T. P., Shaw, W. J., Cole, S. T., Toole, J. M., Wilkinson, J. P., Maksym, T.,  and Hwang, B. (2016). Evolution of a Canada Basin ice-ocean boundary layer and mixed layer across a developing thermodynamically forced marginal ice zone. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121(8), 6223-6250. doi: 10.1002/2016JC011778

Guo, S.-X., S.-Q. Zhou, L. Qu, and Y.-Z. Lu, (2016). Laboratory experiments on diffusive convection layer thickness and its oceanographic implications. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121(10), 7517-7529. doi: 10.1002/2016JC012172

Koenig, Z., C. Provost, N. Villacieros-Robineau, N. Sennechael, and A. Meyer (2016). Winter ocean-ice interactions under thin sea ice observed by IAOOS platforms during N-ICE2015: Salty surface mixed layer and active basal melt. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans,  121(10), 7898-7916. doi: 10.1002/2016JC012195

Kondrik, D. V., A. V. Popov, and A. V. Rubchenya (2016). Specific features of the transport of freshwater anomalies in the Arctic Ocean. Russian Meteorology and Hydrology, 41(4), 285-292. doi: 10.3103/S1068373916040087

Lei, R. B., P. Heil, J. Wang, Z. H. Zhange, Q. Li, and N. Li (2016). Characterization of sea-ice kinematic in the Arctic outflow region using buoy data. Polar Research35.  doi:3402/polar.v35.22658.

Lincoln, B. J., T. P. Rippeth, Y.-D. Lenn, M.-L.Timmermans, W. J. Williams, W. J., and S. Bacon (2016). Wind-driven mixing at intermediate depths in an ice-free Arctic Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 43(18), 2016GL070454. doi: 10.1002/2016GL070454

Manucharyan, G. E., and M. A. Spall, M. A. (2016). Wind-driven freshwater buildup and release in the Beaufort Gyre constrained by mesoscale eddies. Geophysical Research Letters, 43(1), 2015GL065957. doi: 10.1002/2015GL065957

Martin, T., M. Tsamados, D. Schroeder, D., and D. L. Feltham, (2016). The impact of variable sea ice roughness on changes in Arctic Ocean surface stress: A model study. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121(3), 1931-1952. doi: 10.1002/2015JC011186

McKinnon, K. A., and P. Huybers. (2016). Seasonal constraints on inferred planetary heat content. Geophysical Research Letters, 43(20), 2016GL071055. doi: 10.1002/2016GL071055

Mizobata, K., E. Watanabe, and N. Kimura (2016). Wintertime variability of the Beaufort gyre in the Arctic Ocean derived from CryoSat-2/SIRAL observations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121(3), 1685-1699. doi: 10.1002/2015JC011218

Park, H. S. and A. L. Stewart (2016). An analytical model for wind-driven Arctic summer sea ice drift. Cryosphere, 10(1), 227-244. doi: 10.5194/tc-10-227-2016

Proshutinsky, A., M. Steele, and M.-L. Timmermans, (2016). Forum for Arctic Modeling and Observational Synthesis (FAMOS): Past, current, and future activities. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121(6), 3803-3819. doi: 10.1002/2016JC011898

Randelhoff, A., and J. D. Guthrie, (2016). Regional patterns in current and future export production  in the central Arctic Ocean quantified from nitrate fluxes. Geophysical Research Letters, 43(16), 2016GL070252. doi: 10.1002/2016GL070252

Timmermans, M.-L., and S. R. Jayne (2016). The Arctic Ocean Spices Up. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 46(4), 1277-1284. doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-16-0027.1

Xie, J. P., F. Counillon, L. Bertino, X. Tian-Kunze, and L. Kaleschke (2016). Benefits of  assimilating thin sea ice thickness from SMOS into the TOPAZ system. Cryosphere, 10(6),2745-2761. doi: 10.5194/tc-10-2745-2016

Yan, X. H., T. Boyer, K. Trenberth, T. R. Karl, S. P. Xie, V. Nieves, K. K. Tung, and D. Roemmich, (2016). The global warming hiatus: Slowdown or redistribution? Earths Future, 4(11), 472-482. doi: 10.1002/2016EF000417

Zhang, J., M. Steele, K. Runciman, S. Dewey, J., Morison, C, Lee, L. Rainville, S. Cole, R. Krishfield, M.-L. Timmermans, and J. Toole, (2016). The Beaufort Gyre intensification and stabilization: A model-observation synthesis. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121(11), 7933-7952. doi: 10.1002/2016JC012196

Zhao, M. N., Timmermans, M. L., Cole, S., Krishfield, R., & Toole, J. (2016). Evolution of the eddy field in the Arctic Ocean's Canada Basin, 2005-2015. Geophysical Research Letters, 43(15), 8106-8114. doi: 10.1002/2016GL069671


Ackley, S. F., H. J. Xie, and E. A. Tichenor, E. A. (2015). Ocean heat flux under Antarctic sea ice in the  Bellingshausen and Amundsen Seas: two case studies. Annals of Glaciology, 56(69), 200-210. doi: 10.3189/2015AOG69A890

Abraham, C., N. Steiner, A. Monahan, and C. Michel (2015). Effects of subgrid-scale snow thickness variability on radiative transfer in sea ice. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120(8), 5597-5614. doi: 10.1002/2015JC010741

Alford, M. H., T. McGinnis, and B. M. Howe, B. M. (2015). An Inductive Charging and Real-Time Communications System for Profiling Moorings. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 32(12), 2243-2252. doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0103.1

Barthelemy, A., T. Fichefet, H. Goosse, and G. Madec. (2015). Modeling the interplay between sea ice formation and the oceanic mixed layer: Limitations of simple brine rejection parameterizations. Ocean Modelling, 86, 141-152. doi: 10.1016/j.ocemod.2014.12.009

Bradley, A. C., S. Palo, G. LoDolce, D. Weibel, and D. Lawrence. (2015). Air-Deployed Microbuoy Measurement of Temperatures in the Marginal Ice Zone Upper Ocean during the MIZOPEX Campaign. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 32(5), 1058-1070. doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00209.1

Carmack, E., I. Polyakov, L. Padman, I Fer, E. Hunke, J. Hutchings, J. Jackson, D. Kelley, D., R. Kwok, C. Layton, H. Melling, D. Perovich, O. Persson, B. Ruddick, M.-L. Timmermans, J. Toole, T. Ross, S. Vavrus, and P. Winsor (2015). Toward Quantifying the Increasing Role of Oceanic Heat in Sea Ice Loss in the New Arctic. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96(12), 2079-2105. doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00177.1

Carse, F., M. J. Martin, A. Sellar, and E. W. Blockley (2015). Impact of assimilating temperature and salinity measurements by animal-borne sensors on FOAM ocean model fields. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 141(693), 2934-2943. doi: 10.1002/qj.2613

Cole, S.T., F.T. Thwaites, R.A. Krishfield, and J.M. Toole (2015). Processing of Velocity Observations from Ice-Tethered Profilers. Proceedings Oceans 2015 MTS/IEEE, Washington, D.C.  Oct 19-22,

Dupont, F., S. Higginson, R. Bourdalle-Badie, Y. Lu, F. Roy, G. S. Smith, J.F. Lemieux, G. Garric, and F. Davidson (2015). A high-resolution ocean and sea-ice modelling system for the Arctic and North Atlantic oceans. Geoscientific Model Development, 8(5), 1577-1594. doi: 10.5194/gmd-8-1577-2015

Findlay, H. S., L. A. Edwards, C. N. Lewis, G. A. Cooper, R. Clement, N. Hardman-Mountford, N., S. Vagle, and L. A. Miller (2015). Late winter biogeochemical conditions under sea ice in the Canadian High Arctic. Polar Research, 34. doi: 10.3402/polar.v34.24170

Forget, G., J. M. Campin, P. Heimbach, C. N. Hill, R. M. Ponte, and C. Wunsch (2015). ECCO version 4: an integrated framework for non-linear inverse modeling and global ocean state estimation. Geoscientific Model Development, 8(10), 3071-3104. doi: 10.5194/gmd-8-3071-2015

Guthrie, J. D., I. Fer, and J. Morison (2015). Observational validation of the diffusive convection flux laws in the Amundsen Basin, Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120(12), 7880-7896. doi: 10.1002/2015JC010884

Ha, H. K., Y. H. Kim, H. J. Lee, B. Hwang, and H. M. Joo (2015). Under-ice measurements of suspended particulate matters using ADCP and LISST-Holo. Ocean Science Journal, 50(1), 97-108. doi: 10.1007/s12601-015-0008-2

Hebert, D. A., R. A. Allard, E. J. Metzger, P. G. Posey, R. H. Preller, A. J. Wallcraft, M. W. Phelps and O. M. Smedstad (2015). Short-term sea ice forecasting: An assessment of ice concentration and ice drift forecasts using the U.S. Navy's Arctic Cap Nowcast/Forecast System. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120(12), 8327-8345. doi: 10.1002/2015JC011283

Hwang, J., M. Kim, S. J. Manganini, C. P. McIntyre, N. Haghipour, J. Park, R. A. Krishfield, R. W. Macdonald, F. A. McLaughlin, and T. I. Eglinton, T. I. (2015). Temporal and spatial variability of particle transport in the deep Arctic Canada Basin. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120(4), 2784-2799. doi: 10.1002/2014JC010643

Jackson, J. M., H. Melling, J. V. Lukovich, D. Fissel, and D. G. Barber (2015). Formation of winter water on the Canadian Beaufort shelf: New insight from observations during 2009-2011. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 120(6), 4090-4107. doi: 10.1002/2015JC010812

Jin, M. B., J. Hutchings, and Y. Kawaguchi (2015). Sensitivity study of subgrid scale ocean mixing under sea ice using a two-column ocean grid in climate model CESM. Frontiers of Earth Science, 9(4), 594-604. doi: 10.1007/s11707-014-0489-9

Johnson, G. C., J. M. Lyman, and S. G. Purkey (2015). Informing Deep Argo Array Design Using Argo and Full- Depth Hydrographic Section Data. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 32(11), 2187-2198. doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0139.1

Luneva, M. V., Y. Aksenov, J. D. Harle, and J. T. Holt, J. T. (2015). The effects of tides on the water mass mixing and sea ice in the Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120(10), 6669-6699. doi: 10.1002/2014JC010310

Marcinko, C. L. J., A. P. Martin, and J. T. Allen, (2015). Characterizing horizontal variability and energy spectra in the Arctic Ocean halocline. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120(1), 436-450. doi: 10.1002/2014JC010381

Peralta-Ferriz, C., and R. A. Woodgate (2015). Seasonal and interannual variability of pan-Arctic surface mixed layer properties from 1979 to 2012 from hydrographic data, and the dominance of stratification for multiyear mixed layer depth shoaling. Progress in Oceanography, 134, 19-53. doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2014.12.005

Rudels, B. (2015). Arctic Ocean circulation, processes and water masses: A description of observations and ideas with focus on the period prior to the International Polar Year 2007-2009. Progress in Oceanography, 132, 22-67. doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2013.11.006

Schweiger, A. J., and J. Zhang (2015). Accuracy of short-term sea ice drift forecasts using a coupled ice-ocean model. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120(12), 7827-7841. doi: 10.1002/2015JC011273

Stammerjohn, S. E., Maksym, T., Massom, R. A., Lowry, K. E., Arrigo, K. R., Yuan, X., Raphael, M., Randall-Goodwin, E., Sherrell, R. M., & Yager, P. L. (2015). Seasonal sea ice changes in the Amundsen Sea, Antarctica, over the period of 1979-2014. Elementa-Science of the Anthropocene, 3. doi: 10.12952/journal.elementa.000055

Stedmon, C. A., Granskog, M. A., & Dodd, P. A. (2015). An approach to estimate the freshwater contribution from glacial melt and precipitation in East Greenland shelf waters using colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM). Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120(2), 1107-1117. doi: 10.1002/2014JC010501

Stroh, J. N., G. Panteleev, S. Kirillov, M. Makhotin, and N. Shakhova (2015). Sea-surface temperature and salinity product comparison against external in situ data in the Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120(11), 7223-7236. doi: 10.1002/2015JC011005

Timmermans, M.-L. (2015). The impact of stored solar heat on Arctic sea ice growth. Geophysical Research Letters, 42(15), 2015GL064541. doi: 10.1002/2015GL064541

Tsamados, M., D. Feltham, A. Petty, D. Schroeder, and D. Flocco. (2015). Processes controlling surface, bottom and lateral melt of Arctic sea ice in a state of the art sea ice model. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society a-Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 373(2052). doi: 10.1098/rsta.2014.0167

Walesby, K., J. Vialard, P. J. Minnett, A. H. Callaghan, and B. Ward (2015). Observations indicative of rain-induced double diffusion in the ocean surface boundary layer. Geophysical Research Letters, 42(10), 2015GL063506. doi: 10.1002/2015GL063506

Yashayaev, I., D. Seidov, and E. Demirov (2015). A new collective view of oceanography of the Arctic and North Atlantic basins. Progress in Oceanography, 132, 1-21. doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2014.12.012

Zhao, M., and M.-L. Timmermans, (2015). Vertical scales and dynamics of eddies in the Arctic Ocean's Canada Basin. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 120(12), 8195-8209. doi: 10.1002/2015JC011251


Abrahamsen, E. P. (2014). Sustaining observations in the polar oceans. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society a-Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 372(2025). doi: 10.1098/rsta.2013.0337

Arndt, S., & Nicolaus, M. (2014). Seasonal cycle and long-term trend of solar energy fluxes through Arctic sea ice. Cryosphere, 8(6), 2219-2233. doi: 10.5194/tc-8-2219-2014

Cole, S. T., M.-L. Timmermans, J. M. Toole, R. A. Krishfield, and F. Thwaites (2014). Ekman Veering, Internal Waves, and Turbulence Observed under Arctic Sea Ice. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 44(5), 1306-1328. doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-12-0191.1

Craven, M., R. C. Warner, B. K. Galton-Fenzi, L. Herraiz-Borreguer, S. W. Vogel, and I. Allison (2014). Platelet ice attachment to instrument strings beneath the Amery Ice Shelf, East Antarctica. Journal of Glaciology, 60(220), 383-393. doi: 10.3189/2014JoG13J082

Dosser, H. V., L. Rainville, and J. M. Toole (2014). Near-Inertial Internal Wave Field in the Canada Basin from Ice-Tethered Profilers. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 44(2), 413-426. doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-13-0117.1

Eveleth, R., M.-L. Timmermans, and N. Cassar (2014). Physical and biological controls on oxygen saturation variability in the upper Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119(11), 7420-7432. doi: 10.1002/2014JC009816

Isachsen, P. E., S. R. Sorlie, C. Mauritzen, C. Lydersen, P. Dodd, and K. M. Kovacs, (2014). Upper-ocean hydrography of the Nordic Seas during the International Polar Year (2007-2008) as observed by instrumented seals and Argo floats. Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers, 93, 41-59. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2014.06.012

Jackson, J. M., C. Lique, M. Alkire, M. Steele, C. M. Lee, W. M. Smethie, and P. Schlosser, (2014). On the waters upstream of Nares Strait, Arctic Ocean, from 1991 to 2012. Continental Shelf Research, 73, 83-96. doi: 10.1016/j.csr.2013.11.025

Krishfield, R. A., A. Proshutinsky, K. Tateyama, W. J. Williams, E. C. Carmack, E. C., F. A. McLaughlin, F. A., and M.-L.Timmermans (2014). Deterioration of perennial sea ice in the Beaufort Gyre from 2003 to 2012 and its impact on the oceanic freshwater cycle. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119(2), 1271-1305. doi: 10.1002/2013JC008999

Laney, S. R., R. A. Krishfield, J. M. Toole, T. R. Hammar, C. J. Ashjian, and M.-L. Timmermans, (2014). Assessing algal biomass and bio-optical distributions in perennially ice-covered polar ocean ecosystems. Polar Science, 8(2), 73-85. doi: 10.1016/j.polar.2013.12.003

Lei, R. B., N. Li, P. Heil, B. Cheng, Z. H. Zhang, and B. Sun. (2014). Multiyear sea ice thermal regimes and oceanic heat flux derived from an ice mass balance buoy in the Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 119(1), 537-547. doi: 10.1002/2012JC008731

Liao, X., Y. Du, H. Zhan, P. Shi, and J. Wang (2014). Summertime phytoplankton blooms and surface cooling in the western south equatorial Indian Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119(11), 7687-7704. doi: 10.1002/2014JC010195

Lique, C., J. D. Guthrie, M. Steele, A. Proshutinsky, J. H. Morison, and R. Krishfield. (2014). Diffusive vertical heat flux in the Canada Basin of the Arctic Ocean inferred from moored instruments. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119(1), 496-508. doi: 10.1002/2013JC009346

Loose, B., W. R. McGillis, D. Perovich, C. J. Zappa, and P. Schlosser (2014). A parameter model of gas exchange for the seasonal sea ice zone. Ocean Science, 10(1), 17-28. doi: 10.5194/os-10-17-2014

Rabe, B., M. Karcher, F. Kauker, U. Schauer, J. M. Toole, R. A. Krishfield, S. Pisarev, T. Kikuchi, and J. Su (2014). Arctic Ocean basin liquid freshwater storage trend 1992–2012. Geophysical Research Letters, 41(3), 961-968. doi: 10.1002/2013GL058121

Radko, T., J. D. Flanagan, S. Stellmach, and M.-L. Timmermans, M. L. (2014). Double-Diffusive Recipes. Part II: Layer-Merging Events. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 44(5), 1285-1305. doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-13-0156.1

Rutgers van der Loeff, M. M., N. Cassar, M. Nicolaus, B. Rabe, and I. Stimac (2014). The influence of sea ice cover on air-sea gas exchange estimated with radon-222 profiles. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119(5), 2735-2751. doi: 10.1002/2013JC009321

Shaw, W. J., and T. P. Stanton (2014). Vertical diffusivity of the Western Arctic Ocean halocline. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119(8), 5017-5038. doi: 10.1002/2013JC009598

Sommer, T., J. R. Carpenter, and A. Wüest, (2014). Double-diffusive interfaces in Lake Kivu reproduced by direct numerical simulations. Geophysical Research Letters, 41(14), 2014GL060716. doi: 10.1002/2014GL060716

Timmermans, M.-L., A. Proshutinsky, E. Golubeva, J. M. Jackson, R. Krishfield, M. McCall, G. Platov, J. Toole, W. Williams, T. Kikuchi, and S. Nishino (2014). Mechanisms of Pacific Summer Water variability in the Arctic's Central Canada Basin. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119(11), 7523-7548. doi: 10.1002/2014JC010273

Timmermans, M.-L., et al., (2014). [The Arctic] Ocean Temperature and Salinity [in “State of the Climate in 2013”]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society95, S128-S132.

Ulfsbo, A., N. Cassar, M. Korhonen, S. van Heuven, M. Hoppema, G. Kattner, and L. G. Anderson. (2014). Late summer net community production in the central Arctic Ocean using multiple approaches. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 28(10), 2014GB004833. doi: 10.1002/2014GB004833

Wang, C., M. A. Granskog, S. Gerland, S. R. Hudson, D. K. Perovich, M. Nicolaus, T. Ivan Karlsen, K. Fossan, and M. Bratrein (2014). Autonomous observations of solar energy partitioning in first-year sea ice in the Arctic Basin. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119(3), 2066-2080. doi: 10.1002/2013JC009459

Winslow, L. A., H. A. Dugan, H. N. Buelow, K. D. Cronin, J. C. Priscu, C. Takacs-Vesbach, and P. T. Doran (2014). Autonomous Year-Round Sampling and Sensing to Explore the Physical and Biological Habitability of Permanently Ice-Covered Antarctic Lakes. Marine Technology Society Journal, 48(5), 8-17. doi: 10.4031/MTSJ.48.5.6

Zhao, M., M.-L. Timmermans, S. Cole, R. Krishfield, A. Proshutinsky, and J. Toole (2014). Characterizing the eddy field in the Arctic Ocean halocline. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119(12), 8800-8817. doi: 10.1002/2014JC010488


Bourgain, P., J. C. Gascard, J. Shi, and J. Zhao (2013). Large-scale temperature and salinity changes in the upper Canadian Basin of the Arctic Ocean at a time of a drastic Arctic Oscillation inversion. Ocean Science, 9(2), 447-460. doi: 10.5194/os-9-447-2013

Bourgain, P., J. C. Gascard, J. Shi, and J. Zhao (2013). Large-scale temperature and salinity changes in the upper Canadian basin of the Arctic Ocean at a time of a drastic Arctic  Oscillation inversion. Ocean Sci. Discuss., 9, 447–460, 2013 doi:10.5194/os-9-447-2013

de Steur, L., M. Steele, E. Hansen, J. Morison, I. Polyakov, S. M. Olsen, H. Melling, F. A. McLaughlin, R. Kwok, W. M. Smethie, and P. Schlosser (2013). Hydrographic changes in the Lincoln Sea in the Arctic Ocean with focus on an upper ocean freshwater anomaly between 2007 and 2010. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118(9), 4699-4715. doi: 10.1002/jgrc.20341

Fenty, I. and P. Heimbach (2013). Coupled Sea Ice-Ocean-State Estimation in the Labrador Sea and Baffin Bay. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43(5), 884-904. doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-12-065.1

Flanagan, J. D., A. S. Lefler, and T. Radko (2013). Heat transport through diffusive interfaces. Geophysical Research Letters, 40(10), 2466-2470. doi: 10.1002/grl.50440

Forrest, A. L., B. E. Laval, R. S. S. Pieters, and D. Lim, D. (2013). A cyclonic gyre in an ice-covered lake. Limnology and Oceanography, 58(1), 363-375. doi: 10.4319/lo.2013.58.1.0363

Guthrie, J. D., J. H. Morison, and I. Fer, (2013). Revisiting internal waves and mixing in the Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118(8), 3966-3977. doi: 10.1002/jgrc.20294

Hwang, B. (2013). Inter-comparison of satellite sea ice motion with drifting buoy data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 34(24), 8741-8763. doi: 10.1080/01431161.2013.848309

Korhonen, M., B. Rudels, M. Marnela, A. Wisotzki,  and J. Zhao, J. (2013). Time and space variability of freshwater content, heat content and seasonal ice melt in the Arctic Ocean from 1991 to 2011. Ocean Science, 9(6), 1015-1055. doi: 10.5194/os-9-1015-2013

Linders, J., and G. Bjork (2013). The melt-freeze cycle of the Arctic Ocean ice cover and its dependence on ocean stratification. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 118(11), 5963-5976. doi: 10.1002/jgrc.20409

Lique, C. and M. Steele (2013). Seasonal to decadal variability of Arctic Ocean heat content: A model-based analysis and implications for autonomous observing systems. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118(4), 1673-1695. doi: 10.1002/jgrc.20127

Manucharyan, G. E., and M.-L. Timmermans (2013). Generation and Separation of Mesoscale Eddies from Surface Ocean Fronts. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43(12), 2545-2562. doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-13-094.1

McPhee, M. G. (2013). Intensification of Geostrophic Currents in the Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean. Journal of Climate, 26(10), 3130-3138. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00289.1

Petersen, M. R., S. J. Williams, M. E. Maltrud, M. W. Hecht, and B. Hamann (2013). A three-dimensional eddy census of a high-resolution global ocean simulation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118(4), 1759-1774. doi: 10.1002/jgrc.20155

Polyakov, I. V., A. V. Pnyushkov, R. Rember, L. Padman, E. C. Carmack, and J. M. Jackson, (2013). Winter Convection Transports Atlantic Water Heat to the Surface Layer in the Eastern Arctic Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43(10), 2142-2155. doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-12-0169.1

Polyakov, I. V., U. S. Bhatt, J. E. Walsh, E. P. Abrahamsen, A. V. Pnyushkov, and P. F. Wassmann (2013). Recent oceanic changes in the Arctic in the context of long-term observations. Ecological Applications, 23(8), 1745-1764. doi: 10.1890/11-0902.1

Schmidtko, S., G. C. Johnson, and J. M. Lyman (2013). MIMOC: A global monthly isopycnal upper- ocean climatology with mixed layers. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118(4), 1658-1672. doi: 10.1002/jgrc.20122

Send, U., G. Fowler, G. Siddall, B. Beanlands, M. Pittman, C. Waldmann, J. Karstensen, and R. Lampitt (2013). SeaCycler: A Moored Open-Ocean Profiling System for the Upper Ocean in Extended Self-Contained Deployments. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30(7), 1555-1565. doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-11-00168.1

Sommer, T., R. J. Carpenter, M. Schmid, R. G. Lueck, M. Schurter, and A. Wüest (2013).  Interface structure and flux laws in a natural double-diffusive layering. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118(11), 6092-6106. doi: 10.1002/2013JC009166

Timmermans, M.-L.  and P. Winsor (2013). Scales of horizontal density structure in the Chukchi Sea surface layer. Continental Shelf Research, 52, 39-45. doi: 10.1016/j.csr.2012.10.015

Timmermans, M.-L., et al., (2013). [The Arctic] Ocean Temperature and Salinity [in “State of the Climate in 2012”]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94(7), S1-258,

Tyler, S. W., D. M. Holland, V. Zagorodnov, A. A. Stern, C. Sladek, S. Kobs, S. White, F. Suarez, and J. Bryenton (2013). Using distributed temperature sensors to monitor an Antarctic ice shelf and sub-ice-shelf cavity. Journal of Glaciology, 59(215), 583-591. doi: 10.3189/2013JoG12J207

Vilibić, I., and H. Mihanović (2013). Observing the bottom density current over a shelf using an Argo profiling float. Geophysical Research Letters, 40(5), 910-915. doi: 10.1002/grl.50215


Bourgain, P., and J. C. Gascard (2012). The Atlantic and summer Pacific waters variability in the Arctic Ocean from 1997 to 2008. Geophysical Research Letters, 39. doi: 10.1029/2012GL051045

Carpenter, J. R., and M.-L. Timmermans (2012). Deep mesoscale eddies in the Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 39(20), L20602. doi: 10.1029/2012GL053025

Chepurin, G. A., and J. A. Carton (2012). Subarctic and Arctic sea surface temperature and its relation to ocean heat content 1982–2010. J. Geophys. Res., 117, C06019, doi:10.1029/2011JC007770.

Jackson, J. M., W. J. Williams, and E. C. Carmack (2012). Winter sea-ice melt in the Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 39(3), L03603. doi: 10.1029/2011GL050219

Johnson, G. C., S. Schmidtko, and J. M. Lyman (2012). Relative contributions of temperature and salinity to seasonal mixed layer density changes and horizontal density gradients. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 117(C4), C04015. doi: 10.1029/2011JC007651

Kawaguchi, Y., J. K. Hutchings, T. Kikuchi, J. H. Morison, and R. Krishfield (2012). Anomalous sea-ice reduction in the Eurasian Basin of the Arctic Ocean during summer 2010. Polar Science, 6(1), 39-53. doi: 10.1016/j.polar.2011.11.003

Lansard, B., A. Mucci, L. A. Miller, R. W. Macdonald, and Y. Gratton (2012). Seasonal variability of water mass distribution in the southeastern Beaufort Sea determined by total alkalinity and δ18O. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 117(C3), C03003. doi: 10.1029/2011JC007299

McPhee, M., (2012). Advances in understanding ice–ocean stress during and since AIDJEX. Cold Regions Science and Technology, 76-77 (2012) 24–36.

Morison, J., R. Kwok, C. Peralta-Ferriz, M. Alkire, I. Rigor, R. Andersen, and M. Steele (2012). Changing Arctic Ocean freshwater pathways. Nature, 481(7379), 66-70. doi: 10.1038/nature10705

Polyakov, I., J. E. Walsh, and R. Kwok (2012). Recent Changes of Arctic Multiyear Sea Ice Coverage and the Likely Causes. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, DOI:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00070.1.

Proshutinsky, A. et al., (2012). [The Arctic] Ocean [in "State of the Climate in 2011"]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93 (7), S57-92.

Shroyer, E. L. (2012). Turbulent Kinetic Energy Dissipation in Barrow Canyon. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 42(6), 1012-1021. doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-11-0184.1

Sirevaag, A., and I. Fer (2012). Vertical heat transfer in the Arctic Ocean: The role of double- diffusive mixing. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 117(C7), C07010. doi: 10.1029/2012JC007910

Stammerjohn, S., R. Massom, D. Rind, and D. Martinson (2012). Regions of rapid sea ice change: An inter-hemispheric seasonal comparison. Geophysical Research Letters, 39(6), L06501. doi: 10.1029/2012GL050874

Timmermans, M.-L., S. Cole, and J. Toole (2012). Horizontal Density Structure and Restratification of the Arctic Ocean Surface Layer. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 42(4), 659-668. doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-11-0125.1


Bourgain, P., and J. C. Gascard (2011). The Arctic Ocean halocline and its interannual variability from 1997 to 2008. Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers, 58(7), 745-756. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2011.05.001

Du, B. L., M. Aramaki, S. Mohr, Y. Celik, D. Luggenholscher, and U. Czarnetzki (2011). Spatially and temporally resolved optical spectroscopic investigations inside a self-pulsing micro thin- cathode discharge. Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics, 44(25). doi: 10.1088/0022-3727/44/25/252001

Gascard, J. C. (2011). SIDEBAR vertical bar Steps Toward an Integrated Arctic Ocean Observational System. Oceanography, 24(3), 174-175. doi: 10.5670/oceanog.2011.69

Itoh, M., J. Inoue, K. Shimada, S. Zimmermann, T. Kikuchi, J. Hutchings, F. McLaughlin, and E. Carmack (2011). Acceleration of sea-ice melting due to transmission of solar radiation through ponded ice area in the Arctic Ocean: results of in situ observations from icebreakers in 2006 and 2007. Annals of Glaciology, 52(57), 249-260.

Jackson, J. M., S. E. Allen, F. A. McLaughlin, R. A. Woodgate, and E. C. Carmack, (2011). Changes to the near-surface waters in the Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean from 1993–2009: A basin in transition. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 116(C10), C10008. doi: 10.1029/2011JC007069

Johnson, G. C. and S. E. Wijffels (2011). Ocean Density Change Contributions to Sea Level Rise. Oceanography, 24(2), 112-121. doi: 10.5670/oceanog.2011.31

Kwok, R. and J. Morison (2011). Dynamic topography of the ice-covered Arctic Ocean from ICESat. Geophysical Research Letters, 38(2), L02501. doi: 10.1029/2010GL046063

Mauritzen, C., E. Hansen, M. Andersson, B. Berx, A. Beszczynska-Moller, I. Burud, K. H. Christensen, J. Debernard, L. de Steur, P. Dodd, S. Gerland, O. Godoy, B. Hansen, S. Hudson, F. Hoydalsvik, R. Ingvaldsen, P. E. Isachsen, Y. Kasajima, I. Koszalka, K. M. Kovacs, M. Koltzow, J. LaCasce, C. M. Lee, T. Lavergne, C. Lydersen, M. Nicolaus, F. Nilsen, O. A. Nost, K. A. Orvik, M. Reigstad, H. Schyberg, L. Seuthe, O. Skagseth, J. Skardhamar, R. Skogseth, A. Sperrevik, C. Svensen, H. Soiland, S.H. Teigen, V. Tverberg, and C. W. Riser (2011). Closing the loop - Approaches to monitoring the state of the Arctic Mediterranean during the International Polar Year 2007-2008. Progress in Oceanography, 90(1-4), 62-89.  doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2011.02.010

Proshutinsky, A. et al., (2011). The Arctic Ocean [in "State of the Climate in 2010"]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92, S145-148.

Rabe, B., M. Karcher, U. Schauer, J. M. Toole, R. A. Krishfield, S. Pisarev, F. Kauker, R. Gerdes, and T. Kikuchi (2011). An assessment of Arctic Ocean freshwater content changes from the 1990s to the 2006-2008 period. Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers, 58(2), 173-185. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2010.12.002

Rainville, L., C. M. Lee, and R. A. Woodgate, (2011). Impact of Wind-Driven Mixing in the Arctic Ocean. Oceanography, 24(3), 136-145. doi: 10.5670/oceanog.2011.65

Sirevaag, A., S. de la Rosa, I. Fer, M. Nicolaus, M. Tjernstrom, and M. G. McPhee, (2011). Mixing heat fluxes and heat content evolution of the Arctic Ocean mixed layer. Ocean Science, 7(3), 335-349. doi: 10.5194/os-7-335-2011

Sirevaag, A., S. de la Rosa, I. Fer, M. Nicolaus, M. Tjernstrom, and M. G. McPhee, 2011. Mixing, heat fluxes and heat content evolution of the Arctic Ocean mixed layer. Ocean Sci. Discuss., 8, 247–289, 2011

Steele, M., W. Ermold, and J. Zhang (2011). Modeling the formation and fate of the near-surface temperature maximum in the Canadian Basin of the Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 116(C11), C11015. doi: 10.1029/2010JC006803

Timmermans, M.-L., A. Proshutinsky, R. A. Krishfield, D. K. Perovich, J. A. Richter-Menge, T. P. Stanton, and J. M. Toole (2011). Surface freshening in the Arctic Ocean's Eurasian Basin: An apparent consequence of recent change in the wind-driven circulation. Journal of  Geophysical Research: Oceans, 116(C8), C00D03. doi: 10.1029/2011JC006975

Thwaites, F. T., R. Krishfield, M.-L. Timmermans, J. M. Toole, and A. J. Williams 3rd (2011). Flux Measurements from an Ice-Tethered Profiler: First Look, Proceedings Oceans 2011 IEEE-Santander Spain, 6-9 June 2011, IEEE/OES

Toole, J. M., R. A. Krishfield, M.-L. Timmermans, and A. Proshutinsky (2011). The Ice-Tethered Profiler: Argo of the Arctic. Oceanography, 24(3), 126-135. doi: 10.5670/oceanog.2011.64

Toole, J. M., M.-L.Timmermans, D. K. Perovich, R. A. Krishfield, A. Proshutinsky, and J. A. Richter-Menge. (2010). Influences of the ocean surface mixed layer and thermohaline stratification on Arctic Sea ice in the central Canada Basin. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 115(C10), C10018. doi: 10.1029/2009JC005660


Jackson, J. M., E. C. Carmack, F. A. McLaughlin, S. E.  Allen, and R. G. Ingram, (2010). Identification, characterization, and change of the near-surface temperature maximum in the Canada Basin, 1993–2008. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 115(C5), C05021. doi: 10.1029/2009JC005265

Lavergne, T., S. Eastwood, Z. Teffah, H. Schyberg, and L. A. Breivik (2010). Sea ice motion from low-resolution satellite sensors: An alternative method and its validation in the Arctic. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 115(C10), C10032. doi: 10.1029/2009JC005958

Polyakov, I. V., and Coauthors (2010). Arctic Ocean warming contributes to reduced polar ice  cap. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 40, 2743–2756, doi:10.1175/2010JPO4339.1.

Proshutinsky, A. et al., (2010). The Arctic Ocean [in "State of the Climate in 2009"]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 91, S85-87.

Timmermans, M. L., R. Krishfield, S. Laney, and J. Toole (2010). Ice-Tethered Profiler Measurements of Dissolved Oxygen under Permanent Ice Cover in the Arctic Ocean. Journal  of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 27(11), 1936-1949. doi: 10.1175/2010JTECHO772.1

Toole, J. M., M.-L. Timmermans, D. K. Perovich, R. A. Krishfield, A. Proshutinsky, and J. A. Richter-Menge (2010). Influences of the ocean surface mixed layer and thermohaline stratification on Arctic Sea Ice in the central Canada Basin. J. Geophys. Res., 115, C10018, doi:10.1029/2006EO410003.

Williams, A.J., F.T. Thwaites, A.T. Morrison, J.M. Toole, R. Krishfield, 2010. Motion tracking in an acoustic point-measurement current meter. Proceedings, OCEANS 2010 IEEE - Sydney , Print ISBN: 978-1-4244-5221-7.


Brandon, M. A., F. R. Cottier, and F. Nilsen (2009). Sea Ice and Oceanography Sea Ice (pp. 79-111): Wiley-Blackwell.

Dickson, B. (2009). Securing the legacy of the IPY. Nature Geoscience, 2(6), 374-376. doi: 10.1038/ngeo538

McPhee, M. G., A. Proshutinsky, J. H. Morison, M. Steele, and M. B. Alkire (2009). Rapid change in freshwater content of the Arctic Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 36(10), L10602. doi: 10.1029/2009GL037525

Proshutinsky, A., R. Krishfield, and D. Barber (2009). Preface to special section on Beaufort Gyre Climate System Exploration Studies: Documenting key parameters to understand environmental variability. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 114(C1), C00A08. doi: 10.1029/2008JC005162

Proshutinsky, A., R. Krishfield, M.-L. Timmermans, J. Toole, E. Carmack, F. McLaughlin, W. J. Williams, S. Zimmermann, M. Itoh, and K. Shimada (2009). Beaufort Gyre freshwater reservoir: State and variability from observations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 114(C1), C00A10. doi: 10.1029/2008JC005104

Proshutinsky, A. et al., (2009). The Arctic Ocean [in "State of the Climate in 2008"]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90, S1-S196.

Rainville, L., and R. A. Woodgate (2009). Observations of internal wave generation in the seasonally ice-free Arctic. Geophysical Research Letters, 36(23), L23604. doi: 10.1029/2009GL041291

Watanabe, E. and H. Hasumi, 2009. Pacific Water Transport in the Western Arctic Ocean Simulated by an Eddy-Resolving Coupled Sea Ice–Ocean Model. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 39, 2194–2211.


Krishfield, R., J. Toole, A. Proshutinsky, and M.-L. Timmermans, (2008). Automated Ice-Tethered Profilers for Seawater Observations under Pack Ice in All Seasons. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 25(11), 2091-2105. doi: 10.1175/2008JTECHO587.1

Johnson, G. C., J. M. Toole, and N. G. Larson (2007). Sensor corrections for sea-bird SBE-41CP and SBE-41 CTDs. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 24(6), 1117-1130. doi: 10.1175/JTECH2016.1

Proshutinsky, A. et al., (2008). The Poles: Ocean [in "State of the Climate in 2007"]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 89(7), S86-S89.

Smedsrud, L. H., A. Sorteberg, and K. Kloster (2008). Recent and future changes of the Arctic sea-ice cover. Geophysical Research Letters, 35(20), L20503. doi: 10.1029/2008GL034813

Timmermans, M.-L., J. Toole, R. Krishfield, and P. Winsor. (2008). Ice-Tethered Profiler observations of the double-diffusive staircase in the Canada Basin thermocline. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 113(C1), C00A02. doi: 10.1029/2008JC004829

Timmermans, M.-L., J. Toole, A. Proshutinsky, R. Krishfield, and A. Plueddemann (2008). Eddies in the Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean, observed from ice-tethered profilers. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 38(1), 133-145. doi: 10.1175/2007JPO3782.1


Newhall, R., R. Krishfield, D. Peters, and J. Kemp, Deployment Operation Procedures for the WHOI Ice-Tethered Profiler, WHOI-2007-05, 48 pp., 2007. 


Toole, J., R. Krishfield, A. Proshutinsky, C. Ashjian, K. Doherty, D. Frye, T. Hammar, J. Kemp, D. Peters, M.-L. Timmermans, K. von der Heydt, G. Packard, and T. Shanahan (2006). Ice- tethered profilers sample the upper Arctic Ocean. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 87(41), 434-438. doi: 10.1029/2006EO410003

Krishfield, R., K. Doherty, D. Frye, T. Hammar, J. Kemp, D. Peters, A. Proshutinsky, J. Toole, and K. von der Heydt, Design and Operation of Automated Ice-Tethered Profilers for Real-time Seawater Observations in the Polar Oceans, WHOI-2006-11, 79 pp., 2006.


Aasen I.-L., 2009. The hydrographic conditions in the upper Arctic Ocean from 1950 until 2009 (University of Oslo)

Caro, G., 2009. Direct numerical simulations of diffusive staircases in the Arctic (Naval Postgraduate School)

Chaplin, J.E., 2009. An inverse model of double-diffusive convection in the Beaufort Sea (Naval Postgraduate School)

Haynes, J.E., 2010. Understanding the Importance of Oceanic Forcing on Sea Ice Variability (Naval Postgraduate School)

Ingersoll, R.G., 2010. Decadal freshening and warming of the Western Arctic upper ocean (Naval Postgraduate School)

Jackson, J., 2011. Optical oceanography and near-surface processes of the Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean (University of British Columbia)

Wilson, A., 2007. Structure and dynamics of the thermohaline staircases in the Beaufort Gyre (Naval Postgraduate School)

Young Suh, G., 2011. Shear and stability at the base of the mixed layer in the Arctic Ocean: The role of inertial motions (Naval Postgraduate School)


Eicken, H., Rolf Gradinger, Maya Salganek, Kunio Shirasawa, Don Perovich, and Matti Leppäranta, 2009. "Field Techniques for Sea Ice Research". Published by the University of Alaska Press 2009.

McPhee, M. G., 2008. Air‐Ice‐Ocean Interaction: Turbulent Ocean Boundary Layer Exchange Processes, Springer, New York.

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