Workshop #7, June 14-15, 2004
Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL), Princeton, New Jersey
The Seventh AOMIP Workshop (June 14-15) being held at GFDL and is timed to precede the CLIVAR Workshop: Evaluating the Ocean Component of IPCC-Class Models (June 16-18).
Day 1 of the workshop will involve a comprehensive discussion of results from the Coordinated Analysis 1948-2004.
Day 2 will be dedicated to a discussion of various topics:
- model calibration and validation approach;
- model improvement plan;
- collaboration and coordination of our activity with other MIPs;
- some internal problems including:
- project coordination,
- funding opportunities,
- research themes,
Day 1 - June 14, 2004
Coordinated Analysis 1948-2004 Results
|8:45||Welcome, GFDL facilities, workshop agenda modifications||Ruediger Gerdes|
|9:00||Introduction: project overview, results and problems||Andrey Proshutinsky|
|9:15||Results of the NAOSIM - AOMIP coordinated experiment||Michael Karcher & Frank Kauker|
|9:35||Atlantic water dynamics - the state of investigations analyzing several AOMIP models||Michael Karcher & Frank Kauker|
|9:55||Some lessons from the AOMIP coordinated spin-up and|
new INM RAS model results for the 1948-2002 hindcast
|10:40||The ICMMG coupled ice-ocean model: introduction and preliminary results||Gennady Platov|
|11:00||Modeling of the Arctic Ocean circulation in a coarse resolution, z-coordinate, OGCM||Miguel Maqueda & David Holland|
|11:20||Accumulation and release of freshwater in the Arctic Ocean||Cornelia Koeberle|
|11:40||Arctic Ocean freshwater content and preliminary model intercomparison results||Andrey Proshutinsky|
|13:30||Atlantic Layer circulation and properties diagnostics||Greg Holloway & Elizabeth Hunke|
|13:50||Evolution of the Atlantic layer circulation in the Arctic||Jinlun Zhang & Mike Steele|
|14:10||Potential vorticity constraint for source- and sink-driven flows in the Arctic Basin||Jiayan Yang|
|14:30||A comparison of volume and property fluxes in/out of the Arctic Ocean||Wieslaw Maslowski & Don Stark|
|14:50||LANL experiments and results||Elizabeth Hunke|
|15:10||Ice-tide interactions: new approach and some results||Bill Hibler|
|16:00||The role of arctic tides in climatology of an AOMIP model||Greg Holloway|
|16:20||Arctic Oscillation and Dipole Anomaly: an ice-ocean model results||Jia Wang, Meibing Jin, & B-Y Wu|
|16:40||Arctic Climate in the GFDL's CM2 coupled climate model||Tony Beesley and Michael Winton|
|17:00||Are global models worse than regional ones in the Arctic?||Hugues Goosse|
|17:20||AOMIP coordinated experiment with the NYU ice-isopycnal OGCM||Petteri Uotila & David Holland|
|17:40||Sea-ice on the cube-sphere for ECCO||Dimitris Menemenlis|
Day 2 - June 15, 2004
Project Work Plans and Problems
|8:30||Model calibration and validation|
(coordinated approach for technology, data sets, and error analyses)
|11:00||Model improvement plan|
(what to improve, how to proceed, who is responsible, do we need this?)
|14:00||Collaboration and coordination of our activity with other MIPs |
(goals and plan for realization)
|15:15||Internal project issues|
(project coordination, funding opportunities, research themes,
|BAILEY, David||Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies|
|BEESLEY, Tony||Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory|
|DRANGE, Helge||Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center, Norway|
|FRANCIS, Jennifer||Rutgers University|
|GERDES, Rudiger||Alfred-Wegener Institute, Germany|
|GOOSSE, Hugues||Universite Catholique de Louvain, Belgium|
|GRIFFIES, Stephen||Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory|
|HIBLER, Bill||International Arctic Research Center, UAF|
|HOLLAND, David||Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, NYU|
|HOLLOWAY, Greg||Institute of Ocean Sciences, Canada|
|HUNKE, Elizabeth||Los Alamos National Laboratory|
|JIN, Meibing||International Arctic Research Center, UAF|
|JOHNSON, Mark||School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, UAF|
|KARCHER, Michael||Alfred-Wegener Institute, Germany|
|KAUKER, Frank||Alfred-Wegener Institute, Germany|
|KOBERLE, Cornelia||Alfred-Wegener Institute, Germany|
|LIU, Jiping||Georgia Institute of Technology|
|MARSLAND, Simon||CSIRO Marine Research, Australia|
|MAQUEDA, Miguel||Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, NYU|
|MASLOWSKI, Wieslaw||Naval Postgraduate School|
|MENEMENLIS, Dimitris||Jet Propulsion Laboratory|
|MILLER, Jim||Rutgers University|
|NEWTON, Bob||Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory|
|O'FARRELL, Siobhan||CSIRO Atmospheric Research, Australia|
|PLATOV, Gennady||ICMMG, Russia|
|PROSHUTINSKY, Andrey||Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute|
|SIMMONS, Harper||Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory|
|STARK, Don||Naval Postgraduate School|
|STEELE, Michael||Polar Science Center, UW|
|WALSH, John||International Arctic Research Center, UAF|
|WANG, Jia||International Arctic Research Center, UAF|
|WINTON, Mike||Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory|
|WU, Bingyi||International Arctic Research Center, UAF|
|YAKOVLEV, Nikolai||Institute of Numerical Math., RAS|
|YANG, Jiayan||Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute|
|ZHANG, Jinlun||Polar Science Center, UW|
|ZHANG, Xiangdong||International Arctic Research Center, UAF|
I. Model calibration and validation (led by Andrey Proshutinsky)
There are a number of datasets with which we can compare our model output. Some of these will require re-running the models with new tracers, which we should consider for future runs. The Atlantic Water circulation question provides a good focus for our comparison studies and could also provide guidance for the NABOS/CABOS observational project also under the IARC umbrella. Bill, Elizabeth, Mike, Michael, Jia, Jinlun and Andrey volunteered to pre-process/provide some datasets.
Andrey: AOMIP modelers need to complete the coordinated experiment this year, collect data with which to compare each model, and intercompare the models to determine causes of differences and improvements that might be made. In the second year (beginning 1 March 2005), we need to run a 100-year coordinated experiment. First need to identify the major modeling parameters, variables, criteria and data for this year's validation work.
Mike Steele: focus on Atlantic Water (T,S and sense of circulation), using NABOS/CABOS and PHC climatology
Michael Karcher: use tracer (iodine, cesium) data from 1980's on
Bill Hibler: volunteered to provide buoy drift/deformation
Elizabeth Hunke: student will do ice thickness study
Greg Holloway: submarine data and also ULS for time series data at points
Bill: Zwally's ICESAT radar altimetry data might be gotten
Mike: SCICEX data is available for T, S (PHC is climatology)
Andrey: need data description, pre-processing
Michael: timescale for SCICEX is only recent. There are long hydrographic timeseries for Barents Sea "Barcode", W. Spitzbergen, Iceland-Scotland Ridge
Greg: also 79 N across Fram Strait from AWI (T, S, U)
Michael: ask NABOS personnel to provide data in format for AOMIP
John Walsh: Polyakov has project to look at AW core using NABOS so that might already be done
Andrey: NABOS wants suggestions for where to place moorings
Wieslaw Maslowski: over Lomonosov Ridge
Jiayan Yang: propose to NSF as individual but reference work to IARC/AOMIP
Andrey: AOMIP identified key problems
Michael: tracers must be modelled using on-line run (not post-processed using monthly output) because of convection
Miguel Morales-Maqueda: real-time simulation includes diffusion
Greg: identify time-series source function region for tracer input in future AOMIP runs
Michael: lower priority for next year
Mike: volunteered to compile T, S from SCICEX
Jia Wang: volunteered to compile ice area in basins
Jiayan: it is possible to compute PV from PSC T, S
Jinlun Zhang: volunteered to provide passive microwave ice extent
Bill: SSMR/SSMI ice concentration data very bad in winter but multi-year ice better. Would require additional tracer study
Greg: perhaps break topostrophy down into baroclinic and barotropic. Must compute topostrophy first before interpolating to AOMIP grid
Cornelia Koberle: interpolation to AOMIP grid loses information
Miguel: and distortions to the data may be misleading
Andrey: may be able to provide Beaufort Gyre current meters data (1 year, sfc to 2000m)
Greg: Pickart's slope data might also be useful
Andrey: but it would only represent 1 model grid point
Mike: North Pole Environmental Observatory data is on PSC website, NSIDC
Andrey: historical SSH (tide) data in on web
Jinlun: bottom pressure from Jamie Morison
Mike: but those instruments haven't been deployed yet
Andrey: Ursula has Barents Sea data, also Norwegians...
Michael: current meter data over Lomonosov Ridge (Rebecca's).
International ASOF (?) project includes modeling - we should request data from them.
II. Discussion with OMIP participants
(joint meeting with CLIVAR Working Group for Ocean Model Development)
Steve Griffies gave an overview of this week's CLIVAR workshop agenda, and emphasized that setting up OMIP forcing is the hardest task.
Frank Bryan described efforts of "Pilot OMIP" (POMIP) to asses feasibility of OMIP, using a "synthetic" annual cycle with monthly variability. 7 models participated using a variety of grids and ice models. Concluded that their protocol is feasible and there are robust behavior among the model results in spite of forcing problems. They have been unable to motivate model developers to do diagnostic subprojects. Frank questioned whether it's better to focus on mean climate or variability, whether the project should be open-ended or hypothesis driven, and how to approach project administration.
Bill: need to have a particular year with which to compare with real data
Andrey: AOMIP philosophy has been driven by need to get funding---deliverables are 1) improve models, 2) understand Arctic ocean climate variability. History began with seasonal analysis using different forcing data sets, but differences too big to publish. Moved to common forcing, but still have different ice models so ocean differences difficult to assess. Have revealed large gaps in understanding, for example the Atlantic Water circulation. Each group has a 'niche' variable to study.
Mike: very hard to get funding for climatological, idealized experiments; change is more interesting
David Holland: could specify sea ice, especially in Southern Ocean
Steve Griffies: need to turn off atmosphere to reduce complexity
Siobahn O'Farrell: surface restoring is a big issue
Frank Kauker: OMIP forcing is not good for Arctic
Bill: surface restoring interferes with ice model simulation. OMIP could provide Southern Ocean MIP for AOMIPers
Elizabeth: explained global forcing (merged with AOMIP), and that global THC dies without active atmosphere model. OMIP could use model output data that already exists at PCMDI from CMIP etc.
III. Model improvement plan (led by Greg Holloway)
Our models still have many differences even with the AOMIP specifications, leading to many differences in our runs. It's early yet to attempt to suggest improvements for Arctic models. Our comparison studies will point to sensitive modeling issues. Individual studies may suggest improvements for particular models but these may not be applicable to all models. More general suggestions for what to look out for (important variables, parameterizations, etc) would be most helpful.
Greg: AOMIP model specifications have been compiled; some differences by choice
Bill: different physics have given us an ensemble of runs
Mike: we could come up with model improvement recommendations by repackaging previous results
Keith: need to show model improvements across many models, not just one
David: running very simple 'toy' problems would lead to basic improvements
Bob Hallberg: rather than proposing particular model parameterization improvements, provide knowledge about sensitive areas or parameterizations for Arctic modeling in general
Greg: we will work individually toward our own model improvements
IV. Internal project issues (led by Andrey Proshutinsky)
A. Publications - prepare individually or gather for submission all at once? special issue of journal or monograph?
We should think about what publications are likely to arise from our AOMIP studies and provide a list to Andrey for possible compilation into a special issue of some journal yet to be determined. This might form the basis for a future monograph.
David: would like to study toy problem with each model; would like reference work listing every Arctic Ocean modeling study and results
Mike: Ocean Modelling magazine wants to publish a review paper
Wieslaw: need paper to use as basic reference for AOMIP
Michael: need to focus on major achievements/understanding provided by modeling rather than just model descriptions
Bill: supports monograph but not in the next year. Andrey guest-edit Prog in Oceanogr?
Andrey: no one reads monographs. J. Clim would be better
Mike: coordinate submission of papers planned for this year
Michael: provide outline of papers to potential journal editor
Bill: compilation of comparison data would lead to a paper
Michael: send title/abstract/idea to Andrey for compilation
Andrey: of themes on AOMIP web site, only one is published
Cornelia: request for freshwater diagnostics might result in publication but that depends on outcome of the study
Jia: wants to compare processes from several models
Mike: let's have a virtual workshop
Bill: paper deadlines March 1, 2005 and March 1, 2006
B. LAS - maintain or upgrade?
The LAS is an important tool for AOMIP. It needs some improvement to make model output more easily comparable, either on-line or by providing easily downloadable datasets. Additional funding for a support person would be extremely helpful, especially if that person would also interpolate data. It's not clear whether that person needs scientific background. The LAS will also provide data access to people outside AOMIP. We need some control over this but overall it is good public relations.
Mike: need to be able to fix plotting scales
Michael: is possible now
David: primary purpose for LAS is quick-look and to download netcdf data
Andrey: not enough memory - must ftp
Mike: John Walsh indicates AOMIP may get more money, could fund support person at NYU. Need help interpolating data from native grids to AOMIP grid.
Michael: unnecessary to interpolate because LAS only good for quick-look
Mike: when data is available on LAS, advertise to ARCUS to get more users
David: LAS says "can't publish data until obtain written permission from author"
Mike: PHC requests name/address/email when someone downloads (mainly for bragging but NSF likes outreach)
C. Bergen workshop
Michael: he, Frank and Greg are going; please send posters to Bergen not Germany
(Meeting minutes recorded by E. Hunke and G. Holloway)
- Beesely, T., and M. Winton. Sea ice in the GFDL CM2 coupled atmosphere-ice-ocean model.
- Goosse, H. Are global models worse than regional ones in the arctic?
- Holloway, G., E. Hunke, M. Maltrud, and M. Karcher. Diagnostics for atlantic water circulation and properties.
- Holloway, G. The role of tides in arctic ocean - ice climate.
- Hunke, E., M. Maltrud, and M. Holland. AOMIP: 2 runs, a lesson and 2 questions.
- Karcher, M., and F. Kauker. Results of the NAOSIM-AOMIP coordinated experiment.
- Maqueda, M.A.M., P. Uotila, and D.M. Holland. Arctic ocean and sea-ice circulation in a global ocean?sea ice general circulation model.
- Menemenlis, D. and J. Zhang. A sea-ice model on the cube-sphere for estimating the global ocean and sea-ice circulations.
- Proshutinsky, A. Arctic ocean freshwater content and preliminary intercomparison results.
- Proshutinsky, A., and the AOMIP group. Lessons learned in AOMIP.
- Steele, M., J. Zhang, and W. Ermold. The Beaufort Gyre: Models, Observations, & Truth.
- Uotila, P., and D. M. Holland, 2004. AOMIP coordinated experiment with the NYU ice-isopycnal OGCM.
- Yakovlev, N., 2004. Some lessons from the AOMIP coordinated spin-up.