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Workshop #7, June 14-15, 2004

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL), Princeton, New Jersey


The Seventh AOMIP Workshop (June 14-15) being held at GFDL and is timed to precede the CLIVAR Workshop: Evaluating the Ocean Component of IPCC-Class Models (June 16-18).

Framework Topics

Day 1 of the workshop will involve a comprehensive discussion of results from the Coordinated Analysis 1948-2004.

Day 2 will be dedicated to a discussion of various topics:

  • model calibration and validation approach;
  • model improvement plan;
  • collaboration and coordination of our activity with other MIPs;
  • some internal problems including:
    • project coordination,
    • funding opportunities,
    • research themes,
    • publications.

Day 1 - June 14, 2004

Coordinated Analysis 1948-2004 Results





8:45Welcome, GFDL facilities, workshop agenda modificationsRuediger Gerdes 
9:00Introduction: project overview, results and problemsAndrey Proshutinsky 
9:15Results of the NAOSIM - AOMIP coordinated experimentMichael Karcher & Frank Kauker 
9:35Atlantic water dynamics - the state of investigations analyzing several AOMIP modelsMichael Karcher & Frank Kauker 
9:55Some lessons from the AOMIP coordinated spin-up and
new INM RAS model results for the 1948-2002 hindcast
Nikolai Yakovlev 

Coffee Break

10:40The ICMMG coupled ice-ocean model: introduction and preliminary resultsGennady Platov 
11:00Modeling of the Arctic Ocean circulation in a coarse resolution, z-coordinate, OGCMMiguel Maqueda & David Holland 
11:20Accumulation and release of freshwater in the Arctic OceanCornelia Koeberle 
11:40Arctic Ocean freshwater content and preliminary model intercomparison resultsAndrey Proshutinsky 

Lunch Break

13:30Atlantic Layer circulation and properties diagnosticsGreg Holloway & Elizabeth Hunke 
13:50Evolution of the Atlantic layer circulation in the ArcticJinlun Zhang & Mike Steele 
14:10Potential vorticity constraint for source- and sink-driven flows in the Arctic BasinJiayan Yang 
14:30A comparison of volume and property fluxes in/out of the Arctic OceanWieslaw Maslowski & Don Stark 
14:50LANL experiments and resultsElizabeth Hunke 
15:10Ice-tide interactions: new approach and some resultsBill Hibler 

Coffee Break

16:00The role of arctic tides in climatology of an AOMIP modelGreg Holloway 
16:20Arctic Oscillation and Dipole Anomaly: an ice-ocean model resultsJia Wang, Meibing Jin, & B-Y Wu 
16:40Arctic Climate in the GFDL's CM2 coupled climate modelTony Beesley and Michael Winton 
17:00Are global models worse than regional ones in the Arctic?Hugues Goosse 
17:20AOMIP coordinated experiment with the NYU ice-isopycnal OGCMPetteri Uotila & David Holland 
17:40Sea-ice on the cube-sphere for ECCODimitris Menemenlis 



Day 2 - June 15, 2004

Project Work Plans and Problems





8:30Model calibration and validation

(coordinated approach for technology, data sets, and error analyses)
Andrey Proshutinsky 

Coffee Break

11:00Model improvement plan

(what to improve, how to proceed, who is responsible, do we need this?)
Greg Holloway 

Lunch Break

14:00Collaboration and coordination of our activity with other MIPs

(goals and plan for realization)
Mike Steele 

Coffee Break

15:15Internal project issues

(project coordination, funding opportunities, research themes,
Andrey Proshutinsky 

Workshop Adjournment



BAILEY, DavidCenter for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere Studies
BEESLEY, TonyGeophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory
DRANGE, HelgeNansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center, Norway
FRANCIS, JenniferRutgers University
GERDES, RudigerAlfred-Wegener Institute, Germany
GOOSSE, HuguesUniversite Catholique de Louvain, Belgium
GRIFFIES, StephenGeophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory
HIBLER, BillInternational Arctic Research Center, UAF
HOLLAND, DavidCourant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, NYU
HOLLOWAY, GregInstitute of Ocean Sciences, Canada
HUNKE, ElizabethLos Alamos National Laboratory
JIN, MeibingInternational Arctic Research Center, UAF
JOHNSON, MarkSchool of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, UAF
KARCHER, MichaelAlfred-Wegener Institute, Germany
KAUKER, FrankAlfred-Wegener Institute, Germany
KOBERLE, CorneliaAlfred-Wegener Institute, Germany
LIU, JipingGeorgia Institute of Technology
MARSLAND, SimonCSIRO Marine Research, Australia
MAQUEDA, MiguelCourant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, NYU
MASLOWSKI, WieslawNaval Postgraduate School
MENEMENLIS, DimitrisJet Propulsion Laboratory
MILLER, JimRutgers University
NEWTON, BobLamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
O'FARRELL, SiobhanCSIRO Atmospheric Research, Australia
PLATOV, GennadyICMMG, Russia
PROSHUTINSKY, AndreyWoods Hole Oceanographic Institute
SIMMONS, HarperGeophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory
STARK, DonNaval Postgraduate School
STEELE, MichaelPolar Science Center, UW
WALSH, JohnInternational Arctic Research Center, UAF
WANG, JiaInternational Arctic Research Center, UAF
WINTON, MikeGeophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory
WU, BingyiInternational Arctic Research Center, UAF
YAKOVLEV, NikolaiInstitute of Numerical Math., RAS
YANG, JiayanWoods Hole Oceanographic Institute
ZHANG, JinlunPolar Science Center, UW
ZHANG, XiangdongInternational Arctic Research Center, UAF


I. Model calibration and validation (led by Andrey Proshutinsky)

There are a number of datasets with which we can compare our model output. Some of these will require re-running the models with new tracers, which we should consider for future runs. The Atlantic Water circulation question provides a good focus for our comparison studies and could also provide guidance for the NABOS/CABOS observational project also under the IARC umbrella. Bill, Elizabeth, Mike, Michael, Jia, Jinlun and Andrey volunteered to pre-process/provide some datasets.

Andrey: AOMIP modelers need to complete the coordinated experiment this year, collect data with which to compare each model, and intercompare the models to determine causes of differences and improvements that might be made. In the second year (beginning 1 March 2005), we need to run a 100-year coordinated experiment. First need to identify the major modeling parameters, variables, criteria and data for this year's validation work.
Mike Steele: focus on Atlantic Water (T,S and sense of circulation), using NABOS/CABOS and PHC climatology
Michael Karcher: use tracer (iodine, cesium) data from 1980's on
Bill Hibler: volunteered to provide buoy drift/deformation
Elizabeth Hunke: student will do ice thickness study
Greg Holloway: submarine data and also ULS for time series data at points
Bill: Zwally's ICESAT radar altimetry data might be gotten
Mike: SCICEX data is available for T, S (PHC is climatology)
Andrey: need data description, pre-processing
Michael: timescale for SCICEX is only recent. There are long hydrographic timeseries for Barents Sea "Barcode", W. Spitzbergen, Iceland-Scotland Ridge
Greg: also 79 N across Fram Strait from AWI (T, S, U)
Michael: ask NABOS personnel to provide data in format for AOMIP
John Walsh: Polyakov has project to look at AW core using NABOS so that might already be done
Andrey: NABOS wants suggestions for where to place moorings
Wieslaw Maslowski: over Lomonosov Ridge
Jiayan Yang: propose to NSF as individual but reference work to IARC/AOMIP
Andrey: AOMIP identified key problems
Michael: tracers must be modelled using on-line run (not post-processed using monthly output) because of convection
Miguel Morales-Maqueda: real-time simulation includes diffusion
Greg: identify time-series source function region for tracer input in future AOMIP runs
Michael: lower priority for next year
Mike: volunteered to compile T, S from SCICEX
Jia Wang: volunteered to compile ice area in basins
Jiayan: it is possible to compute PV from PSC T, S
Jinlun Zhang: volunteered to provide passive microwave ice extent
Bill: SSMR/SSMI ice concentration data very bad in winter but multi-year ice better. Would require additional tracer study
Andrey: topostrophy?
Greg: perhaps break topostrophy down into baroclinic and barotropic. Must compute topostrophy first before interpolating to AOMIP grid
Cornelia Koberle: interpolation to AOMIP grid loses information
Miguel: and distortions to the data may be misleading
Andrey: may be able to provide Beaufort Gyre current meters data (1 year, sfc to 2000m)
Greg: Pickart's slope data might also be useful
Andrey: but it would only represent 1 model grid point
Mike: North Pole Environmental Observatory data is on PSC website, NSIDC
Andrey: historical SSH (tide) data in on web
Jinlun: bottom pressure from Jamie Morison
Mike: but those instruments haven't been deployed yet
Andrey: Ursula has Barents Sea data, also Norwegians...
Michael: current meter data over Lomonosov Ridge (Rebecca's).
International ASOF (?) project includes modeling - we should request data from them.

II. Discussion with OMIP participants

(joint meeting with CLIVAR Working Group for Ocean Model Development)

Steve Griffies gave an overview of this week's CLIVAR workshop agenda, and emphasized that setting up OMIP forcing is the hardest task.

Frank Bryan described efforts of "Pilot OMIP" (POMIP) to asses feasibility of OMIP, using a "synthetic" annual cycle with monthly variability. 7 models participated using a variety of grids and ice models. Concluded that their protocol is feasible and there are robust behavior among the model results in spite of forcing problems. They have been unable to motivate model developers to do diagnostic subprojects. Frank questioned whether it's better to focus on mean climate or variability, whether the project should be open-ended or hypothesis driven, and how to approach project administration.

Bill: need to have a particular year with which to compare with real data
Andrey: AOMIP philosophy has been driven by need to get funding---deliverables are 1) improve models, 2) understand Arctic ocean climate variability. History began with seasonal analysis using different forcing data sets, but differences too big to publish. Moved to common forcing, but still have different ice models so ocean differences difficult to assess. Have revealed large gaps in understanding, for example the Atlantic Water circulation. Each group has a 'niche' variable to study.
Mike: very hard to get funding for climatological, idealized experiments; change is more interesting
David Holland: could specify sea ice, especially in Southern Ocean
Steve Griffies: need to turn off atmosphere to reduce complexity
Siobahn O'Farrell: surface restoring is a big issue
Frank Kauker: OMIP forcing is not good for Arctic
Bill: surface restoring interferes with ice model simulation. OMIP could provide Southern Ocean MIP for AOMIPers
Elizabeth: explained global forcing (merged with AOMIP), and that global THC dies without active atmosphere model. OMIP could use model output data that already exists at PCMDI from CMIP etc.

III. Model improvement plan (led by Greg Holloway)

Our models still have many differences even with the AOMIP specifications, leading to many differences in our runs. It's early yet to attempt to suggest improvements for Arctic models. Our comparison studies will point to sensitive modeling issues. Individual studies may suggest improvements for particular models but these may not be applicable to all models. More general suggestions for what to look out for (important variables, parameterizations, etc) would be most helpful.

Greg: AOMIP model specifications have been compiled; some differences by choice
Bill: different physics have given us an ensemble of runs
Mike: we could come up with model improvement recommendations by repackaging previous results
Keith: need to show model improvements across many models, not just one
David: running very simple 'toy' problems would lead to basic improvements
Bob Hallberg: rather than proposing particular model parameterization improvements, provide knowledge about sensitive areas or parameterizations for Arctic modeling in general
Greg: we will work individually toward our own model improvements

IV. Internal project issues (led by Andrey Proshutinsky)

A. Publications - prepare individually or gather for submission all at once? special issue of journal or monograph?

We should think about what publications are likely to arise from our AOMIP studies and provide a list to Andrey for possible compilation into a special issue of some journal yet to be determined. This might form the basis for a future monograph.

David: would like to study toy problem with each model; would like reference work listing every Arctic Ocean modeling study and results
Mike: Ocean Modelling magazine wants to publish a review paper
Wieslaw: need paper to use as basic reference for AOMIP
Michael: need to focus on major achievements/understanding provided by modeling rather than just model descriptions
Bill: supports monograph but not in the next year. Andrey guest-edit Prog in Oceanogr?
Andrey: no one reads monographs. J. Clim would be better
Mike: coordinate submission of papers planned for this year
Michael: provide outline of papers to potential journal editor
Bill: compilation of comparison data would lead to a paper
Michael: send title/abstract/idea to Andrey for compilation
Andrey: of themes on AOMIP web site, only one is published
Cornelia: request for freshwater diagnostics might result in publication but that depends on outcome of the study
Jia: wants to compare processes from several models
Mike: let's have a virtual workshop
Bill: paper deadlines March 1, 2005 and March 1, 2006

B. LAS - maintain or upgrade?

The LAS is an important tool for AOMIP. It needs some improvement to make model output more easily comparable, either on-line or by providing easily downloadable datasets. Additional funding for a support person would be extremely helpful, especially if that person would also interpolate data. It's not clear whether that person needs scientific background. The LAS will also provide data access to people outside AOMIP. We need some control over this but overall it is good public relations.

Mike: need to be able to fix plotting scales
Michael: is possible now
David: primary purpose for LAS is quick-look and to download netcdf data
Andrey: not enough memory - must ftp
Mike: John Walsh indicates AOMIP may get more money, could fund support person at NYU. Need help interpolating data from native grids to AOMIP grid.
Michael: unnecessary to interpolate because LAS only good for quick-look
Mike: when data is available on LAS, advertise to ARCUS to get more users
David: LAS says "can't publish data until obtain written permission from author"
Mike: PHC requests name/address/email when someone downloads (mainly for bragging but NSF likes outreach)

C. Bergen workshop

Michael: he, Frank and Greg are going; please send posters to Bergen not Germany

(Meeting minutes recorded by E. Hunke and G. Holloway)

David Baily, Greg Holloway, Jia Wang, Miguel Maqueda, Corneila Koberle, Rudiger Gerdes, David Holland, Andrey Proshutinsky, Elizabeth Hunke, Nikolay Yakovlev, Wieslaw Maslowski, Frank Kauker, Bill Hibler, Michael Karcher, Jinlun Zhang, and Michael Steele
Mike Steele, Wieslaw Maslowski, and John Walsh discuss AOMIP science