# Publications

### 2017

Whitehead J. A., 2017. Convection driven by temperature and composition flux with the same diffusivity. *Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics*, 10.1080/03091929.2017.1333608

Whitehead J. A. 2017. Dimensions of continents and oceans—water has carved a perfect cistern. *Earth and Planetary Science Letters*, 467, 18–29.

### 2016

Whitehead J. A., 2016. Laboratory Studies of Turbulent Mixing. Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences. Elsevier.

Whitehead J.A., 2016. Rotating Gravity Currents. Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences. Elsevier.

Cagney, N., Crameri, F., Newsome, W.H., Lithgow–Bertelloni, C., Cotel, A., Hart, S.R. and Whitehead, J.A., 2016. Constraining the source of mantle plumes. *Earth and Planetary Science Letters*, 435, pp.55–63.

### 2015

Cagney, Neil, William H. Newsome, Carolina Lithgow–Bertelloni, Aline Cotel, Stanley R. Hart, and John A. Whitehead, 2015. Temperature and velocity measurements of a rising thermal plume. *Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems*, 16, 579–599, doi:10.1002/2014GC005576.

Whitehead, J. A. and Mark Behn. 2015. The continental drift convection cell. G*eophysical Research Letters*, 42, 4301–4308, doi:10.1002/2015GL064480. (supporting information) (video 1) (video 2)

### 2014

Whitehead, J. A. 2014. *Laboratory experiments with abrupt thermohaline transitions*. In: Modeling Atmospheric and Oceanic Flows: Insights from Laboratory Experiments and Numerical Simulations. Thomas Von Larcher, and Paul D. Williams, Eds., Geophysical Monograph Series # 205. John Wiley & Sons.

Whitehead, J. A., Erin Shea, and Mark D. Behn, 2014. Erratum: Cellular convection in a chamber with a warm surface raft [Phys. Fluids 23, 104103 (2011)]. *Physics of Fluids (1994–present)* 26, 039901.

### 2013

Whitehead, J. A., A. Cotel, S. Hart, C. Lithgow–Bertelloni, and W. Newsome, 2013. Numerical calculations of two-dimensional large Prandtl number convection in a box. *Journal of Fluid Mechanics* 729, 584–602.

### 2012

No publications

### 2011

Marcal, O., J.A. Whitehead, and A. Jensen, 2011. Penetration of a salinity front into a rotating basin: laboratory experiments and a simple theory. *Journal of Marine Research (*Melvin Stern memorial volume*)*, 69, 603–645.

Whitehead, J. A., E. Shea, and M. Behn, 2011. Cellular convection in a chamber with a warm surface raft. *Physics of Fluids*, 23, 104103.

### 2010

Holmes–Cerfon, M. C., and J.A. Whitehead, 2010. Instability and freezing in a solidifying melt conduit. *Physica D*, 240(2), 131–139.

### 2009

Whitehead, J. A. and Peter D. Clift, 2009. Continent elevation, mountains, erosion: Freeboard implications. *Journal of Geophysical Research*, 114, B5, doi:10.1029/2008JB006176.

Whitehead, J. A., 2009. Abrupt transitions and hysteresis in thermohaline laboratory models. *Journal of Physical Oceanography*, 39, 1231–1243.

### 2008

Whitehead, J. A., 2008. The similarity solution for turbulent mixing of two–layer stratified fluid. *Environmental Fluid Mechanics*, 8, 551–560.

Whitehead, J. A. and W. Wang, 2008. A laboratory model of vertical ocean circulation driven by mixing. *Journal of Physical Oceanography,* 38, 1091–1106.

### 2007

Pratt, L. J. and J. A. Whitehead, 2007. Rotating Hydraulics– Nonlinear Topographic Effects in the Ocean and Atmosphere. Springer–Verlag, 608 pp.

Whitehead, J. A. and Ian Stevenson, 2007. Turbulent mixing of two-layer stratified fluid. *Physics of Fluids* 19, 12510,4, doi.org/10.1063/1.2821913.

### 2006

Qu, Tangdong, James B. Girton, and J. A. Whitehead, 2006. Deepwater overflow through Luzon Strait. *Journal of Geophysical Research,* 111, C01002, doi:10.1029/2005JC003139.

Whitehead, J. A. and Keith Bradley, 2006. Laboratory studies of stratified convection with multiple states. *Ocean Modelling*, 11, 333–346.

### 2005

Whitehead, J. A. Lianke te Raa, Tomoki Tozuka, Joseph B. Keller, and Keith Bradley, 2005. Laboratory observations and simple models of slow oscillations in cooled salt–stratified bodies. *Tellus*, 57A, (5) 778–809.

Timmermans, M. L. E., P. Winsor and J. A. Whitehead, 2005. Deep-water flux over the Lomonosov Ridge, Arctic Ocean. *Journal of Physical Oceanography*, 35, 8,1489–1493.

Whitehead, J. A., 2005. The effect of potential vorticity on flow rate through a gap. *Journal of Geophysical Research*, 110, C7, doi:10.1029/2004JC002720.

Limeburner, Richard, J. A. Whitehead, and Claudia Cenedese, 2005. Variability of Antarctic bottom water flow into the North Atlantic. *Deep–Sea Research II*, 52, 495–512.

### 2004

Cenedese, Claudia, John C. Marshall, and John A. Whitehead, 2004. A laboratory model of thermocline depth and exchange fluxes across circumpolar fronts. *Journal of Physical Oceanography*, 34, 3, 656–667.

Cenedese, Claudia, J. A. Whitehead, Tommaso Ascarelli, and Mitch Ohiwa, 2004. A dense current flowing down a sloping bottom in a rotating fluid. *Journal of Physical Oceanography* 34, 188–203.

### 2003

Whitehead, J. A. , M. L. E. Timmermans, W. Gregory Lawson, S. N. Bulgakov, A. M. Zatarian, J. F. A. Medina, and John Salzig, 2003. Laboratory studies of thermally and/or salinity driven flows with partial mixing 1. Stommel transitions and multiple flow states. *Journal of Geophysical Research*, 108, C2, 18-1–18-16.

Whitehead J. A., 2003. Constant potential vorticity hydraulically controlled flow–complexities from passage shape. *Journal of Physical Oceanography*, 33, 305–312.

Baines P. G. and J. A. Whitehead, 2003. On multiple states in single-layer flows. *Physics of Fluids*, 15, 2, 298–307.

Whitehead, J. A., 2003. *Laboratory studies of mantle convection with continents and other GFD problems.* In: Recent Research Developments in Fluid Dynamics, Transworld Research Network, Kerala, India.

### 2002

Whitehead, J. A., 2002. A boundary layer flow with multiple equilibria. *Physics of Fluids*, 14, 7, 2575–2577.

### 2001

Whitehead, J. A., and John Salzig, 2001. Rotating channel flow: Control and upstream currents. *Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics,* 95, 185–226.

Whitehead, J. A. and R. W. Griffiths, 2001, *Morphological instabilities in flows with cooling, freezing or dissolution*. In: Geomorphological Fluid Mechanics, N. J. Balmforth and A. Provenzale, Eds., Springer Verlag, New York. 138–163.

Griffiths, R. W. and J. A. Whitehead, 2001.* Earth’s surface morphology and convection in the mantle.* In: Geomorphological Fluid Mechanics, N. J. Balmforth and A. Provenzale, Eds., Springer Verlag, New York. 111–137.

Whitehead, J. A. W., Gregory Lawson, and John Salzig, 2001. Multistate flow devices for geophysical fluid dynamics and climate. *American Journal of Physics*, 69 546–553.

Balmforth, N. J., A. Provenzale and J. A. Whitehead, 2001. *The language of pattern and form*. In: Geomorphological Fluid Mechanics, N. J. Balmforth and A. Provenzale, Eds., Springer Verlag, New York, 3–33.

Whitehead, J. A., 2001. *Rotating gravity currents. *In: Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences. Vol. 4, John Steele, Steve Thorpe and Karl Turekian, Eds., Academic Press, 2444-2449.

### 2000

Whitehead, J. A., 2000. Stratified convection with multiple states. *Ocean Modelling*, 2, 109–121.

Whitehead, J. A., and Joseph Pedlosky, 2000. Circulation and boundary layers in differentially heated rotating stratified fluid. *Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans,* 31, 1–21.

Cenedese, C. and J. A. Whitehead, 2000. Eddy-shedding from a boundary current around a cape over a sloping bottom. *Journal of Physical Oceanography, *30, 1514–1531.

### 1999

Wylie, Jonathan J., Barry Voight, and J. A. Whitehead, 1999. Instability of magma flow from volatile-dependent viscosity. *Science,* 285, 1883–1885.

Park, Y. G. and J. A Whitehead, 1999. Rotating convection driven by differential bottom heating. *Journal of Physical Oceanography* 29, 1208–1220.

### 1998

Whitehead, J. A., G.K. Korotaev, and S. N. Bulgakov, 1998. Convective circulation in mesoscale abyssal basins. *Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, *89 (3–4) 169–203.

Whitehead, J. A., 1998. Topographic control of ocean flows in deep passages and straits. *Reviews of Geophysics*, 36, 423–440.

Whitehead, J. A., 1998. Multiple T–S states for estuaries, shelves and marginal seas. *Estuaries*, 21, 278–290.

Borenas, K. M. and J. A. Whitehead, 1998. Upstream separation in a rotating channel flow. *Journal of Geophysical Resaerch,* 103, C4 7567–7578.

### 1997

Hall, Melinda M., Michael McCartney and J. A. Whitehead, 1997. Antarctic bottom water flux in the equatorial western Atlantic. *Journal of Physical Oceanography,* 27, 1903–1926.

Pedlosky, Joseph, J. A. Whitehead and Graham Veitch, 1997. Thermally driven motions in a rotating stratified fluid: theory and experiment. *Journal of Fluid Mechanics, *339, 391–411.

Stern, Melvin E., Eric Chassignet and J. A. Whitehead, 1997. The wall jet in a rotating fluid. *Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 335, 1–28.

Whitehead, J. A., 1997. Critical control at deep ocean passages. *WOCE Newsletter*, 28, 14–16.

Tarbell, Susan A., John A. Whitehead, Melinda M. Hall and Michael S. McCartney, 1997. Trans–equatorial bottom water flow in the Western Atlantic, Volume XLVI in series of reports presenting data from moored current meters. *Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Technical Report *WHOI–97–01, 86 pp.

### 1996

Bulgakov, S. N., G. K. Korotaev, and J. A. Whitehead. 1996. The role of buoyancy fluxes in the formation of a large-scale circulation and stratification of sea water. Part 1: The theory. *Izv. An. Fizika Atmosfery I Oceana* 32 (4), 548–556 (In Russian), *Izvestiya–Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics*, **32 **(4), 506–513 (English translation).

Bulgakov, S. N., G. K. Korotaev, and J. A. Whitehead. 1996. The role of buoyancy fluxes in the formation of a large-scale circulation and stratification of sea water. Part 2: Laboratory experiments. *Izv. An. Fizika Atmosfery I Oceana* 32 (4), 557–564 (In Russian), *Izvestiya–Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics*, 32 (4), 514–520 (English translation).

Whitehead, J. A., John Marshall and Gwynneth E. Hufford, 1996. Localized convection in rotating stratified fluid. *Journal of Geophysical Research,* 101 25,705–25,721.

Whitehead, J. A. 1996. Multiple states in doubly driven flow. *Physica D*, 97, 311–321.

### 1995

Aharonov, Einat, J. A. Whitehead, Peter Kelemen and Marc Spiegelman 1995. Channeling instability of upwelling melt in the mantle. *Journal of Geophysical Research,* 100, 20433–50.

Kelemen, Peter, B., J. A. Whitehead, Einat Aharonov, and Kelsey Jordahl, 1995. Experiments in flow focusing in soluble porous media, with applications to melt extraction from the mantle. *Journal of Geophysical Research*, 100, 475–96.

Whitehead, J. A. 1995. Book Review: Waves Called Solitons: Concepts and Experiments. by M. Remoissenet. *American Journal of Physics,* 63, 381–382.

Whitehead, J. A. 1995. Thermohaline ocean processes and models. *Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics* 27, 89–114.

Whitehead, J. A. 1995. *Critical control by topography—Deep passages, straits and shelf fronts*. In: Topographic Effects in the Ocean, Peter Muller and Diane Henderson, Eds., Proceeding of the ‛Aha Huliko‛a Winter Hawaiian Workshop, University of Hawaii at Manoa, January 17–20, 1995. SOEST Special Publication, 1995.

### 1994

Hauri, Eric H., John. A. Whitehead, and Stanley R. Hart, 1994. Fluid dynamic and geochemical aspects of entrainment in mantle plumes. *Journal of Geophysical Research,* 99, 24275–24300.

Whitehead, J. A. and Ryuji Kimura, 1994. Rotating hydraulic models of fronts at the Continental Shelf Break and in circular eddies. *Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics*, 76, 1–27.

Park, Young Gyu, J. A. Whitehead, and Anand Gnanadesikan, 1994. Turbulent mixing in stratified fluids: Layer formation and energetics. *Journal of Fluid Mechanics*., 279, 279–312.

Whitehead, J. A. and Peter Kelemen, 1994. *Fluid and thermal dissolution instabilities in magmatic systems*. In: Magmatic Systems. Michael P. Ryan, Ed., 355–379, Academic Press, New York.

Whitehead, J. A., S. N. Bulgakov, and G. K. Korotaev, 1994. Salt flux as a mechanism for large–scale circulation in the Black Sea. *Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union*, 75(3).

Marshall, John, J. A. Whitehead, and Tom Yates, 1994. *Laboratory and numerical experiments in oceanic convection*. In: Ocean Processes in Climate Dynamics: Global and Mediterranean Examples. P. Malanotte–Rizzoli and A. R. Robinson, Eds., 173–201. Springer.

### 1993

Whitehead, J. A. 1993. A laboratory model of cooling over the continental shelf. *Journal of Physical Oceanography*, 23, 11, 2412–2427.

Wilber, R. Jude, J. A. Whitehead, Robert B. Halley and John D. Milliman, 1993. Carbonate-peroplatform sedimentation by density flows: A mechanism for rapid off-bank and vertical transport of shallow-water fines: Comment. *Geology,* 21, 667–668.

Hunkins, K. L., and J. A. Whitehead, 1993. A laboratory model of rotating, stratified exchange between polar and subpolar seas. IAPSO proceedings number 18, 387, IAPSO XX General Assembly, Vienna Austria, IAPSO, Office of the Secretary General, Del Mar, California.

Whitehead, J. A. and Robert E. Frazel, 1993. A laboratory model of a cooled continental shelf. *Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Technical Report*, WHOI-93-22.

### 1992

Hunkins, Kennith, and J. A. Whitehead, 1992. Laboratory simulation of exchange through Fram Strait. *Journal of Geophysical Research*, 97, 11,299–11,321.

Hart, S. R., E. H. Hauri, L. A. Oschmann, and J. A. Whitehead, 1992. Mantle plumes and entrainment: Isotopic evidence. *Science,* 256, 517–520.

Grimshaw, R.H.J., Karl R. Helfrich and J.A. Whitehead, 1992. Conduit solitary waves in a visco-elastic medium. *Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics*, 65, 127–147.

Whitehead, J. A., 1992. *Laboratory studies of fluid dynamics problems important to the Mediterranean Sea*. In: Winds and Currents of the Mediterranean Basin. Henry Charnock Ed.. Reports in Meteorology and Oceanography, Numbers 40 & 41 (Volumes I & II), Harvard University Division of Applied Sciences, 1992.

Schouten H , and J. A. Whitehead, 1992. A possible mechanism for ridge segmentation. *Oceanus.*

### 1991

Wilcock, W.S.D. and J. A. Whitehead, 1991. The Rayleigh–Taylor instability of an embedded layer of low-viscosity fluid. *Journal of Geophysical Research*, 96, 12,193–12,200.

Whitehead, J.A. and K. R. Helfrich, 1991. Instability of flow with temperature–dependent viscosity: a model of magma dynamics. *Journal of Geophysical Research*, 96, (B3), 4145–55.

Whitehead, J.A., 1991. *Small and mesoscale convection as observed in the laboratory*. In: Deep Convection and Deep Water Formation in the Oceans. P. C. Chu and J. C. Gascard, Eds., Elsevier Publishing Company, New York.355–68. The volume is from the workshop on “Formation of Deep Waters in the Ocean,” Monterey CA. March 1990.

### 1990

Whitehead, J.A. and K. R. Helfrich, 1990. *Magma waves and diapiric dynamics.* In: Magma Transport and Storage. Michael P. Ryan, ed., J. Wiley and Sons, New York (420 pp.).

Stern M. E. and J. A. Whitehead, 1990. Separation of a boundary jet in a rotating fluid. *Journal of Fluid Mechanics,* 217, 41–69.

Whitehead, J. A., Melvin E. Stern, Glenn R. Flierl and Barry Klinger, 1990. Experimental observations of baroclinic eddies on a sloping bottom. *Journal of Geophysical Research*., 95, 9585–9610.

Helfrich, K. R., and J. A. Whitehead, 1990. Solitary waves on conduits of buoyant fluid in a more viscous fluid. *Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics*, 51, 35–52.

### 1989

Whitehead, J. A., 1989. Internal hydraulic control in rotating fluids– applications to oceans. *Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics*, 48, 169–192.

Whitehead, J. A., 1989. Surges of Antarctic Bottom Water into the North Atlantic. *Journal of Physical Oceanography*, 19, 853–861.

Whitehead, J. A., 1989. *Laboratory studies of isolated eddies in a rotating fluid*. In: Mesoscale/Synoptic Coherent Structures in Geophysical Turbulence. J.C.J. Nihoul and B. M. Jamart, eds. Elsevier Science Publishers, B.V.A. Amsterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 627–637.

Whitehead, J. A., 1989. Giant ocean cataracts. *Scientific American*, 260, 50–57.

### 1988

Whitehead, J. A., and K. R. Helfrich, 1988. Wave transport of deep mantle material. *Nature*, 336, 59–61.

Speer, Kevin G. and John A. Whitehead, 1988. A gyre in a non–uniformly heated rotating fluid. *Deep–Sea Research*, 351, 1069–1077.

Whitehead, John A., 1988. Fluid models of geological hotspots. *Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics*, 20, 61–87.

Forsyth, D. and J. Whitehead, 1988. *Mantle dynamics: Magma generation and delivery*. In: The Mid-Oceanic Ridge—A Dynamic Global System. Ocean Studies Board, National Academy of Sciences, Academy Press Washington D. C.

### 1987

Whitehead, J. A., 1987. Dense water off continents. *Nature,* 327, 656.

Whitehead, John A., 1987. A laboratory demonstration of solitons using a vertical watery conduit in syrup. *American Journal of Physics*, 55(11), 998–1003.

Whitehead, John A., 1987. The partition of energy by social systems: a possible sociological tool. *American Anthropologist*, 89, 686–700.

Whitehead, J. A., 1987. On the ratio of the mixing coefficients of heat and salt of Antarctic Bottom Water in the North Atlantic. *Journal of Geophysical Research*, 92, 2981–2984.

### 1986

Whitehead, John A. and Karl R. Helfrich, 1986. The Korteweg-deVries equation from laboratory conduit and magma migration equations. *Geophysical Research Letters*, 13, 545–546.

Whitehead, J. A, 1986. *Buoyancy driven instabilities of low viscosity zones as models of magma-rich zones*. In: Partial Melting Phenomena in the Earth and Planetary Evolution. Special issue, Harve S. Waff and Mineo Kumazawa, editors, *Journal of Geophysical Research*, 91(B9), 9303–9314.

Whitehead, John A. and David C. Chapman, 1986. Laboratory observations of a gravity current on a sloping bottom: the generation of shelf waves. *Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 172, 373–399.

Scott, David R., David J. Stevenson and John A. Whitehead, Jr., 1986. Observations of solitary waves in a viscous deformable pipe. *Nature*, 319, 759–761.

Whitehead, John A., 1986. Flow of a homogeneous rotating fluid through straits. *Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics*, 36, 187–205.

Kinder, Thomas H., David C. Chapman and John A. Whitehead, Jr., 1986. Westward intensification of the mean circulation on the Bering Sea Shelf. *Journal of Physical Oceanography*, 16, 1217–1229.

Huppert, Herbert E., R. Steven J. Sparks, John A. Whitehead and Mark A. Hallworth, 1986. Replenishment of magma chambers by light inputs. *Journal of Geophysical Research*, 91, 6113–6122.

### 1985

Schouten, Hans, Kim D. Klitgord, and John A. Whitehead, 1985. Segmentation of mid-ocean ridges. *Nature*, 317, 225–229.

Whitehead, J. A., Jr., 1985. A laboratory study of gyres and uplift near the Strait of Gibraltar. Journal of Geophysical Research, 90, 7045–7060. Correction photographs, *Journal of Geophysical Research*, 90, 12,011–12,013.

Whitehead, J. A., 1985. The deflection of a baroclinic jet by a wall in a rotating fluid. *Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 157, 79–93.

### 1984

McDougall, Trevor J. and J. A. Whitehead, Jr., 1984. Estimates of the relative roles of diapycnal, isopycnal and double–diffusive mixing in Antarctic Bottom Water in the North Atlantic. *Journal of Geophysical Research*, 89(C6), 10,479–10,483.

Whitehead, John A., Jr., 1984. Dislocation glide observed in bimodal convection. *Physics of Fluids*, 27, 2389–2390.

Whitehead, John A., Jr., Henry J. B. Dick and Hans Schouten, 1984. A mechanism for magmatic accretion under spreading centers. *Nature*, 312, 146–148.

Whitehead, John A., Jr., 1984. Buoyant motions with large viscosity differences have large lateral motion. In: 1984 Summer Study Program in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. *Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Technical Report *WHOI–84–44, p. 143–144 (abstract).

Whitehead, John A., 1984. A laboratory excursion. In: 1984 Summer Study Program in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Dynamic Differentiation. *Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Technical Report *WHOI–84–44, p. 73 (abstract).

### 1983

Whitehead, John A., 1983. Dislocations in convection and the onset of chaos. *Physics of Fluids*, 26(10), 2899–2904.

Sugimoto, Takashige and John A. Whitehead, Jr., 1983. Laboratory models of bay–type continental shelves in the winter. *Journal of Physical Oceanography*, 13(10), 1819–1828.

Flierl, Glenn R., Melvin E. Stern and John A. Whitehead, Jr., 1983. The physical significance of modons: Laboratory experiments and general integral constraints. *Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans*, 7(4), 233–263.

Whitehead, J. A., 1983. *Remote sensing of the oceans from space.* In: Oceanography: The Present and the Future. P. G. Brewer, editor, Springer–Verlag, New York; pp. 255–281.

Whitehead, J. A., 1983. Book Review: Geodynamics, by Turcotte and Schubert, for *Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 134, 461–464.

### 1982

Whitehead, John A., Jr., and L. V. Worthington, 1982. The flux and mixing rates of Antarctic Bottom Water within the North Atlantic. *Journal of Geophysical Research*, 87(C10), 7903–7924.

Whitehead, John A., Jr., 1982. Instabilities of fluid conduits in a flowing earth—are plates lubricated by the asthenosphere? *Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, London,* 70, 415–433.

Stern, Melvin E., John A. Whitehead and Bach–Lien Hua, 1982. The intrusion of a density current along the coast of a rotating fluid. *Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 123,

237–265.

### 1981

Davey, M. K., and J. A. Whitehead, Jr., 1981. Rotating Rayleigh–Taylor instability as a model of sinking events in the ocean. *Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics*, 17, 237–253.

Whitehead, John A., Jr., and Neil A. Gershenfeld, 1981. Selective withdrawal from a rotating stratified current with applications to OTEC. *Ocean Engineering*, 8(5), 507–515.

Gershenfeld, Neil A., Robert E. Frazel and John A. Whitehead, Jr., 1981. Rotating flume with uniformly flowing, linearly stratified water*. Reviews of Scientific Instruments*, 52(10), 1556–1559.

Whitehead, John A., Jr., 1981. Laboratory models of circulation in shallow seas. *Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London*, A, 302, 583–595.

### 1980

Whitehead, John A., Jr., 1980. Selective withdrawal of rotating stratified fluid. *Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans*, 5, 123–135.

Whitehead, J. A., Jr., 1980. Rotating critical flows in the ocean. *Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Stratified Flows.* Torkild Carstens and Thomas McClimans, editors, TAPIR Press, Trondheim, pp. 72–80.

### 1979

Tapley, B. D., G. H. Born, H. H. Hagar, J. Lorell, M. E. Parke, J. M. Diamante, B. C. Douglas, C. C. Goad, R. Kolenkiewicz, J. G. Marsh, C. F. Martin, S. L. Smith III, W. F. Townsend, J. A. Whitehead, H. M. Byrne, L. S. Fedor, D. C. Hammond and N. M. Mognard, 1979. Seasat altimeter calibration: Initial results. *Science*, 204, 1410–1412.

Whitehead, John A., Jr., and A. R. Miller, 1979. Laboratory simulation of the gyre in the Alboran Sea. *Journal of Geophysical Research*, 84(C7), 3733–3742.

### 1978

Skilbeck, John N. and John A. Whitehead, Jr., 1978. Formation of discrete islands in linear island chains. *Nature,* 272(5653), 499–501.

Whitehead, J. A., Jr. and Barry Parsons, 1978. Observations of convection at Rayleigh numbers up to 760,000 in a fluid with large Prandtl number. *Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics*, 9, 201–217.

Whitehead, J. A., Jr., 1978. Problems in determining sea surface topography. *Proceedings of the Ninth GEOP (Geodesy/Solid–Earth and Ocean Physics) Research Conference*, An International Symposium on the Applications of Geodesy to Geodynamics, Oct. 2–5, 1978. Dept. of Geodetic Science Report No. 280, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH; pp. 233–236.

Members of Committee on Geodesy, 1978. Geodesy: Trends and Prospects. National Research Council. Author of Chapters 3.3, *Ocean Dynamics*, pp. 25–27 and 5.2, Ocean Instrumentation, pp. 62–65; National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C., 86 pp.

### 1977

Whitehead, John A. and David L. Porter, 1977. Axisymmetric critical withdrawal of a rotating fluid. *Dynamics of Oceans and Atmospheres*, 2, 1–18.

### 1976

Whitehead, John A., Jr., 1976. Convection models: Laboratory versus mantle. *Tectonophysics,* 35, 215–228.

Whitehead, J. A., Jr., 1976. The propagation of dislocations in Rayleigh-Benard rolls and bimodal flow. *Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 75, 715–720.

Sambuco, E. and J. A. Whitehead, Jr., 1976. Hydraulic control by a wide weir in a rotating fluid. *Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 73, 521–528.

Whitehead, J. A., Jr., and Gerald Chan, 1976. Stability of Rayleigh-Benard convection rolls and bimodal flow at moderate Prandtl number. *Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans*, 1, 33–49.

### 1975

Bye, John A. T. and John A. Whitehead, Jr., 1975. A theoretical model of the flow in the mouth of Spencer Gulf, South Australia. *Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science*, 3, 477–481.

Whitehead, John A., Jr., 1975. Mean flow generated by circulation on a β-plane: An analogy with the moving flame experiment. *Tellus*, 27(4), 358–364.

Whitehead, John A., Jr., and Douglas S. Luther, 1975. Dynamics of laboratory diapir and plume models. *Journal of Geophysical Research*, 80, 705–717.

Whitehead, J. A., Jr., 1975. A survey of hydrodynamic instabilities. *Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute “Physics of Nonequilibrium Systems: Fluctuations, Instabilities and Phase Transitions.”* Tormod Riste, editor, Plenum Press, New York; pp. 153–180.

Whitehead, J. A., 1975. Experimental hydrodynamic observations of transition phenomena. *Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Technical Report *WHOI–75–30, 65 pp.

### 1974

Busse, F. H. and J. A. Whitehead, 1974. Oscillatory and collective instabilities in large Prandtl number convection. *Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 66, 67–80.

Whitehead, J. A. and Roger F. Gans, 1974. A new, theoretically tractable earthquake model. *Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society*, 39, 11–28.

Whitehead, J. A., A. Leetmaa and R. A. Knox, 1974. Rotating hydraulics of strait and sill flows. *Geophysical Fluid Dynamics*, 6, 101–125.

### 1973

Whitehead, John A., Jr., 1973. Observations of the dynamics of Rayleigh-Benard convection. *Proceedings of the 13 ^{th} International Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics,* Izdatelstra “Nauka,” Moscow, U.S.S.R. (in Russian).

### 1972

Whitehead, J. A., 1972. Moving heaters as a model of continental drift. *Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors*, 5, 199–212.

Whitehead, J. A., 1972. Observations of rapid mean flows produced in mercury by a moving heater. *Geophysical Fluid Dynamics*, 3, 161–180.

### 1971

Whitehead, J. A., Jr., 1971. *The generation of mean flows by a negative Reynolds stress*. In: Environmental and Geophysical Heat Transfer,.C. J. Cremers, F. Kreith and J. A. Clark, editors, Heat Transfer Division Vol. 4, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York; pp. 20–25.

Whitehead, J. A., 1971. Upon boundary conditions imposed by a stratified fluid. *Geophysical Fluid Dynamics*, 2, 289–298.

Busse, F. H. and J. A. Whitehead, 1971. Instabilities of convection rolls in a high Prandtl number fluid. *Journal of Fluid Mechanics,* 47, 305–320.

Whitehead, J. A., Jr., 1971. Cellular convection. *American Scientist,* 59(4), 444–451.

Newell, A. C. and J. A. Whitehead, 1971. *Review of the finite bandwidth concept*. In: Instability of Continuous Systems, H. Leipholz, editor, Springer–Verlag, New York; pp. 284–289.

Whitehead, J. A., Jr., 1971. *The generation of mean flows by a negative Reynolds stress*. In: Environmental and Geophysical Heat Transfer. C. J. Cremers, F. Kreith and J. A. Clark, editors, Heat Transfer Division Vol. 4, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York; pp. 20–25.

### 1970

Whitehead, J. A. and Michael M. Chen, 1970. Thermal instability and convection of a thin fluid layer bounded by a stably stratified region. *Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 40, 549–576.

Howard, L. N., W. V. R. Malkus and J. A. Whitehead, 1970. Self-convection of floating heat sources: a model for continental drift. *Geophysical Fluid Dynamics*, 1, 123–142.

### 1969

Newell, A. C. and J. A. Whitehead, 1969. Finite bandwidth, finite amplitude convection. *Journal of Fluid Mechanics,* 38, 279–303.

Schubert, G. and J. A. Whitehead, 1969. Moving flame experiment with liquid mercury: possible implications for the Venus atmosphere. *Science,* 163, 71–72.

### 1968

Chen, Michael M. and John A. Whitehead, 1968. Evolution of two-dimensional periodic Rayleigh convection cells of arbitrary wave–numbers. *Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 31(1), 1–15.